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Farm Buildings at Croscombe Barton

A Grade II Listed Building in Lynton and Lynmouth, Devon

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Latitude: 51.215 / 51°12'54"N

Longitude: -3.8867 / 3°53'12"W

OS Eastings: 268323

OS Northings: 147892

OS Grid: SS683478

Mapcode National: GBR KZ.3M68

Mapcode Global: VH4M8.LQ4F

Plus Code: 9C3R6487+28

Entry Name: Farm Buildings at Croscombe Barton

Listing Date: 25 November 1993

Last Amended: 9 June 1995

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1206386

English Heritage Legacy ID: 376470

Location: Lynton and Lynmouth, North Devon, Devon, EX35

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lynton and Lynmouth

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lynton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Tagged with: Agricultural structure

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858-1/1/1 Farm buildings at Croscombe Barton
25/11/93 (that part in Lynton and Lynmouth
(Formerly Listed as:
Farm buildings in Croscombe Barton
(that part in Lynton CP))


A large regular group of farm buildings with attached
farmhouse. C18, remodelled and extended in mid C19. Rubble
with some brick dressings, slate roofs.
PLAN: a complex group arranged around 2 courtyards, with 2
further low-level yards at the outer (SW) end; the buildings
divide across the water course, here impounded and piped to
the water-wheel. To the N and W of this waterway the buildings
are in Martinhoe CP and to the S and E in Lynton and Lynmouth
CP. Only those wholly or partly in Lynton and Lynmouth parish
are here described, and are principally of the C19, on 2
floors, except for one earlier wing near the farmhouse (qv)
and all are plain gabled.
The main Z-plan range including a bank barn at the SE edge,
adjoining the public right of way, has a short wing on the
inner side, enclosing a small square yard, with a
single-storey range on its outer side. The high cross range
has a throughway giving to a further yard enclosed by a
boundary wall at high level, and having 2 sides under a pent
roof. Under and to the right of the throughway is the
EXTERIOR: the bank barn has a long plain outer wall, with a
central plank door at the upper level, on a landing to 5 stone
steps; beyond this is the end gable of the cross range, in the
same plane, and with a wide segmental-headed opening to a pair
of panelled doors. The gable facing the farmhouse has a
3-light small-pane cast-iron casement to segmental head at the
first floor, and the return face has 3 wide openings to
segmental heads and on broad flush piers, with plain walling
above. A short gabled arm returns, to enclose the yard, with a
similar 3-light cast-iron window above one wide open
segmental-headed arch. The return gable has a plank door to a
landing on 12 stone steps, the return to the courtyard is
plain, but the continuing wall to the main barn range has 4
arches and piers under a central pair of plank loading doors
to a segmental head, flanked by small 2-light openings with
The high transverse range has a small door low left, and an
open throughway to the right, under a full-width pair of plank
doors rising to the eaves. The far side is mainly plain, with
one high and 2 low openings. On this side is a large enclosed
yard, with a rubble wall at the upper level, and with a series
of slender cast-iron columns carrying a former pent roof on 2
sides; some of the original clay Roman tiles are still
The high barn on the NW side of this yard is on the main
central 'spine', and is plain on this side. Under the
throughway is an opening to the large cast-iron overshot
waterwheel, of approx 4m diameter and 1.4m width; a few wooden
blades remain, and a maker in Barnstaple is identified.
Flanking the small outer yard is a single-storey range, with
one door, and a plain end gable with stepped coping. This
spine range is half in each of the parishes, and the lower
block is probably of C18 date, forming part of an earlier
layout before the addition of the substantial barns described.
INTERIORS: all floor boards have been removed, but the joists
remain. A 0.3m diameter cast-iron pipe runs under the floor of
the 'spine' barn, discharging over the wheel. Roofs are C19
with collar rafters. The lower level of the bank barn has some
remains of cow stalling and troughs, with floor drainage.
A remarkable planned group of mid C19 farmbuildings, added to
the earlier group continuing to the NW, in Martinhoe CP.

Listing NGR: SS6832347892

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