History in Structure

Royal Arsenal Royal Laboratory East Pavilion

A Grade II Listed Building in Greenwich, London

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Latitude: 51.4932 / 51°29'35"N

Longitude: 0.0693 / 0°4'9"E

OS Eastings: 543751

OS Northings: 179169

OS Grid: TQ437791

Mapcode National: GBR NJ.Q4Q

Mapcode Global: VHHNK.5Q0P

Plus Code: 9F32F3V9+7P

Entry Name: Royal Arsenal Royal Laboratory East Pavilion

Listing Date: 8 June 1973

Last Amended: 9 July 1997

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1211082

English Heritage Legacy ID: 200491

ID on this website: 101211082

Location: Royal Arsenal West, Greenwich, London, SE18

County: London

District: Greenwich

Electoral Ward/Division: Woolwich Riverside

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Greenwich

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Woolwich St Mary Magdalene with St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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North Woolwich


(North side)
Royal Arsenal
Royal Laboratory E Pavilion


Gunpowder factory, disused. Part of the Royal Laboratory of 1694-96, extended and altered 1855, partly demolished 1950s. Brick with stone dressings, roof not visible. Single-depth plan. 2 storeys; 5-window range. A symmetrical front has projecting centre with rusticated voussoirs, plinth plat band and coping. Doorway with eared architrave and console cornice, with window above has an architrave with foliate brackets and lion-head key. Rubbed brick keyed flat arches to altered windows. INTERIOR not inspected: it may contain features of interest but is noted as having been remodelled internally in C20, with a central concrete dogleg stair.
HISTORY: The oldest part of the Arsenal, and possibly the oldest Ordnance buildings in the country: one of a pair of pavilions with that to the W (qv), which are the only surviving part of a larger building to which the Royal Laboratory for the manufacture of fireworks and gunpowder transferred when it moved from Greenwich in 1695. Originally with cross windows and a steep hipped roof, lower buildings each side, the courtyard between the two pavilions was closed to the N and S by walls with gateways, the lion and unicorn finials from which are now on the Board Room (qv). The yard was roofed over in 1855, and contained the largest milling machinery space in the world when it was completed.

Listing NGR: TQ4295478475

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