History in Structure

Lancaster House

A Grade I Listed Building in St James's, London

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Latitude: 51.5038 / 51°30'13"N

Longitude: -0.1391 / 0°8'20"W

OS Eastings: 529255

OS Northings: 179961

OS Grid: TQ292799

Mapcode National: GBR DH.Y3

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.JGTJ

Plus Code: 9C3XGV36+G9

Entry Name: Lancaster House

Listing Date: 5 February 1970

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1236546

English Heritage Legacy ID: 427576

Also known as: York House
Stafford House

ID on this website: 101236546

Location: St James's, Westminster, London, SW1A

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Martin-in-the-Fields

Church of England Diocese: London

Tagged with: Building Neoclassical architecture Georgian architecture

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Lancaster House
Town mansion. c. 1820. First design by Sir Robert Smirke for the Duke of York,
superseded by Benjamin Dean Wyatt who with Philip Wyatt presented new designs
1825-27, completed for the 2nd Duke of Sutherland (as Stafford House) 1833-38
with added attic storey and Smirke as executant architect ; finally the
staircase lantern and decoration by Charles Barry 1838. Bath stone, slate roof.
Free standing, grand classical mansion dressed with giant Corinthian porticoes
to north, south and Green Park fronts, built round vast top lit stair compartment.
2 main storeys, basement and attic storey. 9-window wide north and south fronts
with 5-bay portico centrepiece and one bay end pavilions. 9-window east front
with end pavilions and 3-bay centrepiece and 11-window Green Park front with 5-bay
portico centrepiece. Rusticated arcaded porte cochere to north surmounted by
pedimented portico, similar arcaded ground floors to south and west engaged
porticoes. Architraved sash windows, with cornices and pediments to piano
nobile. Continuous entablature below attic storey which is pilastered on centre-
pieces and end pavilions and has crowning entablature with balustraded parapet.
Balustraded area parapet with fine ornamental cast iron lampstandards surmounting
dies. Very grand interior, the marble lined,vast, rectangular stair compartment with
central flight dividing in two and returned to 1st floor at right angles,with
sumptuous, very heavy cast iron balustrade; the gallery colonnaded to east and
west sides and 2 large copies of Veronese ornamenting the other 2 sides; deep
coved ceiling carrying lantern with black "bronze" caryatids between the lights.
The state rooms have rich white and gold decoration on red and green walls,
doorcases, mouldings etc,in Wyatt's lavish Baroque-Rococo inspired by Versailles
(c.f. Wyatt's Apsley House and Belvoir Castle interiors);of particular note the
great tripartite gallery, incorporating a Guercino in the ceiling and in the north
anteroom a Veronese, etc.
"The Architects of Stafford House"; Howard Colvin; Architectural History i, 1958;
"Stafford House Revisited', John Cornforth; Country Life, 7-14 Nov. 1968

Listing NGR: TQ2925379958

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