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Shrewsbury Castle

A Grade I Listed Building in Shrewsbury, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7112 / 52°42'40"N

Longitude: -2.7498 / 2°44'59"W

OS Eastings: 349440

OS Northings: 312881

OS Grid: SJ494128

Mapcode National: GBR BJ.29QB

Mapcode Global: WH8BT.Q3RV

Entry Name: Shrewsbury Castle

Listing Date: 10 January 1953

Last Amended: 17 November 1995

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1246877

English Heritage Legacy ID: 455424

Location: Shrewsbury, Shropshire, SY1

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Shrewsbury

Built-Up Area: Shrewsbury

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Shrewsbury St Chad

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

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Listing Text


SHREWSBURY

SJ4912NW CASTLE GATES
653-1/11/159 (East side)
10/01/53 Shrewsbury Castle
(Formerly Listed as:
CASTLE GATES
(East side)
The Castle)

GV I

Remains of castle. Largely late C12-c1300, with various later
modifications. Mostly red sandstone.
PLAN: inner bailey wall, gateway and main hall survive.
Curtain wall surrounds the inner bailey, built of coursed and
squared red sandstone in several phases between 1164 and 1300.
Walkway and crenellations survive in part. Gateway also late
C12, with roll moulded outer archway with C17 wood panelled
doors. Main hall in NW of bailey: begun in 1164 and enlarged
1300 and 1596.
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys, 6-window range entered at first-floor
level to right through steeply arched doorway with engaged
shafts and moulding. This storey largely of c1300, over
earlier structure to ground floor, begun 1164. Paired
round-arched lancets to ground floor, and narrow doorway with
shafts. Y-traceried windows in upper storey, and wide
crenellated parapet. This upper storey built 1596 and
re-fenestrated by Thomas Telford in 1780. Polygonal towers of
c1300 at western angle, and to NE.
INTERIOR: hall reveals complex building history: its present
character is largely the result of a series of restorations,
including the removal of a floor to open the second and third
storeys together, and the removal of partitions introduced by
Thomas Telford.
Roof is late C16, with 8 trusses with moulded tie beams and
principal rafters. Short king posts with carved decoration and
fretted carving in the spandrels. Trusses to east and west are
slightly different, and may be later reconstructions.
Close studded screen at eastern end of hall, with gallery over
added in 1643. Fragmentary remains of moulded cornice mark the
original height of the walls. Fireplace with hood (renewed)
against north wall.
In the NW tower, a circular room with plaster panelled walls
articulated by pilasters with swags, and a dado cornice.
Enriched plaster work ceiling. This decoration formed part of
the remodelling of the castle carried out by Telford c1780.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the earliest castle on the site was a motte
and bailey built by Roger de Montgomery of which no traces
survive. It is possible that this itself replaced an earlier
Saxon fortification. The castle was a royal castle until the
time of Edward I, and Henry II and Edward I were both
responsible for major programmes of building. Repair work was
carried out during the Civil War in 1643, and the castle was
again renovated in c1780 by Thomas Telford for Sir William
Pulteney. In 1924 the Shropshire Horticultural Society
purchased the castle and carried out an extensive programme of
restoration which included removal of all the internal
partitions introduced by Telford. Further alterations took
place in 1985 when the castle was converted to house the
Shropshire Regimental Museum.
(The Buildings of England: Pevsner N: Shropshire:
Harmondsworth: 1858-).


Listing NGR: SJ4944012884

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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