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West London Synagogue

A Grade II Listed Building in City of Westminster, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5156 / 51°30'56"N

Longitude: -0.1621 / 0°9'43"W

OS Eastings: 527625

OS Northings: 181228

OS Grid: TQ276812

Mapcode National: GBR 7B.SW

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.45NH

Entry Name: West London Synagogue

Listing Date: 7 September 1989

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1247701

English Heritage Legacy ID: 429035

Location: Westminster, London, W1H

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: Bryanston and Dorset Square

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Mary Bryanston Square

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

UPPER BERKELEY STREET
TQ 2781 11
54/91 West London Synagogue
II Gi
Synagogue. 1869-70, by Davis and Emanuel. Brick with Portland stone facade;
slate roof. Byzantine/Romanesque style. 3-storey facade dominated by pedimen-
ted semi-circular arch supported on coupled columns with richly-carved capitals
and set in front of recessed entrance bay with graduated semi-circular arched
windows over 3 doorways framed by semi-circular arched arcade with similar
columns; attic storey arcade of 8 round-arched windows with foliate capitals
to square piers; similar one-light windows to projecting outer bays; continuous
bracketed cornice to parapet surmounted by acroteriae. Interior: panelled
entrance hall with beamed coffered ceiling and double-flight staircase with
bronze candelabra to newels and rich Byzantine/Romanesque carving to balusters.
Very fine synagogue interior: centralised plan with central dome carried on
semi-circular arches and quatrefoil-section scagliola piers with foliate
Byzantine/Romanesque capitals to decorative balcony fronts and to upper stage
crowned by cluster of colonettes with similar capitals; similar grouped
colonettes to corbels of barrel-vaulted aisles; apsidal 'sanctuary' separated
from main body of synagogue by semi-circular arch over fine domed ark and
flanking screens enriched by coloured marble and mosaic, 'Moorish' style
screens set in semi-circular arched architraves and richly-carved Byzantine-
Romanesque style capitals to arcade piers and colonettes supporting dome;
balustraded enclosure and pulpit in similar style and materials. Fine stained
glass to semi-circular arched windows and square-headed 3-light aisle windows
with foliate piers. The most important Reform synagogue in Victorian London
and, together with Davis and Emanuel's East London Synagogue, ranks as one
of the finest Victorian synagogues in the country.


Listing NGR: TQ2762581228

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Description

UPPER BERKELEY STREET
TQ 2781 11
54/91 West London Synagogue
II Gi
Synagogue. 1869-70, by Davis and Emanuel. Brick with Portland stone facade;
slate roof. Byzantine/Romanesque style. 3-storey facade dominated by pedimen-
ted semi-circular arch supported on coupled columns with richly-carved capitals
and set in front of recessed entrance bay with graduated semi-circular arched
windows over 3 doorways framed by semi-circular arched arcade with similar
columns; attic storey arcade of 8 round-arched windows with foliate capitals
to square piers; similar one-light windows to projecting outer bays; continuous
bracketed cornice to parapet surmounted by acroteriae. Interior: panelled
entrance hall with beamed coffered ceiling and double-flight staircase with
bronze candelabra to newels and rich Byzantine/Romanesque carving to balusters.
Very fine synagogue interior: centralised plan with central dome carried on
semi-circular arches and quatrefoil-section scagliola piers with foliate
Byzantine/Romanesque capitals to decorative balcony fronts and to upper stage
crowned by cluster of colonettes with similar capitals; similar grouped
colonettes to corbels of barrel-vaulted aisles; apsidal 'sanctuary' separated
from main body of synagogue by semi-circular arch over fine domed ark and
flanking screens enriched by coloured marble and mosaic, 'Moorish' style
screens set in semi-circular arched architraves and richly-carved Byzantine-
Romanesque style capitals to arcade piers and colonettes supporting dome;
balustraded enclosure and pulpit in similar style and materials. Fine stained
glass to semi-circular arched windows and square-headed 3-light aisle windows
with foliate piers. The most important Reform synagogue in Victorian London
and, together with Davis and Emanuel's East London Synagogue, ranks as one
of the finest Victorian synagogues in the country.


Listing NGR: TQ2762581228

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