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Clarendon Buildings and Attached Railings

A Grade II Listed Building in City of Westminster, London

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Latitude: 51.5135 / 51°30'48"N

Longitude: -0.1526 / 0°9'9"W

OS Eastings: 528293

OS Northings: 181018

OS Grid: TQ282810

Mapcode National: GBR 9C.XM

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.97Q2

Entry Name: Clarendon Buildings and Attached Railings

Listing Date: 11 March 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1250968

English Heritage Legacy ID: 433531

Location: Westminster, London, W1K

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: West End

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St George, Hanover Square

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

THe following building shall be added:
(west side)
1900-/55/10032 Clarendon Buildings and
attached railings)
Flatted philanthropic housing. 1872. Designed by Sydney Waterlow for the Improved Industrial
Dwellings Company, and constructed with the advice of the builder, Matthew Allen. Red brick
in Flemish bond with cement rendering and cast cement detailing. Mansard roof of tile with roof
dormers. Five storeys over basement. End block of three-windows each, with three bays of
balconies supported on plain brick piers. Steps spanning broad basement area to ground-floor
balcony; open stair well to rear wall, which is articulated into bays by simple pilasters and
entablature. Openwork spandrels to balconies which are enclosed by railings of an authentic design;
authentic railings to basement area as well. Canted bay with triple windows to centre range of end
blocks, basement through first floors; tripartite windows above; remaining windows to end blocks
have cement rendered aedicule to ground and first floors and segmental brick arches to upper
floors. Dormers with boldy moulded aedicules. Remaining openings are flat arched. Plaque with
words 'Clarendon Flats, 1-38, to right of entrance stair. Red brick to return; Rear elevation in
brown brick; cast window lintels; rear projection contains for bedrooms, sculleries and WCs. The
simplification of the cast detailing and general architectural expression reflect the tight economies
imposed on commercial, philanthropic developments of this kind. The open stair-hall and balcony
arrangement was calculated to produce a more healthful communal environment, eliminating the
foul, dark and dangerous hallways in speculatively-built working-class tenements. Waterlow's IIDC
was one of the most prolific of the philanthropic housing companies, setting an influential pattern
for working-class housing development. The use of red brick on the main elevation of this
structure represents a departure from earlier blocks which were made from cheaper brown brick,
and was a concession to the Duke of Westminster, who gave this and other plots in his Mayfair
estate for the construction of reformed working-class dwellings.
__________ _ ___ _ ____ _ _ _ _ ________

Listing NGR: TQ2829381018

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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