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Spencer House

A Grade I Listed Building in St James's, Westminster

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Latitude: 51.5052 / 51°30'18"N

Longitude: -0.1402 / 0°8'24"W

OS Eastings: 529174

OS Northings: 180112

OS Grid: TQ291801

Mapcode National: GBR DG.PL

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.JF7G

Plus Code: 9C3XGV45+3W

Entry Name: Spencer House

Listing Date: 24 February 1958

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1264952

English Heritage Legacy ID: 426523

Location: St. James's, Westminster, London, SW1A

County: Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St James Piccadilly

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

24.2.58 No 27 (Spencer House)
Town mansion. 1752-54 by John Vardy, traditionally the design
also attributed to General Gray. Building and decoration from
1756 to 1766, including interiors by James Stuart c. 1759 and
interior alterations by Sir Robert Taylor, c. 1772, and Henry Holland,
c. 1785. Portland stone, slate roof. Pure Palladian, particularly
the Green Park facade inspired by Palladio design via Burlington's
General Wade house. To Green Park 2 storey pedimented facade,
consisting of arcaded and rusticated podium storey supporting
piano nobile with engaged Doric order, the whole raised on sub-
basement balustraded terrace with vermiculated rustication and
semicircular arched openings. 7 windows wide. Ground floor/
basement has flat arched glazing bar sashes recessed in panels with
impost strings within arcade. 1st floor has architraved glazing
bar sashes with alternating segmental-triangular pediments framed
by the Doric order, with terminal pilasters, supporting an enriched
Doric entablature with the broad pediment, containing palm-wreathed
oculus, over the central 5 bays and balustraded parapet with
carved urns and statues on the dies and pediment. The entrance
flank to St. James's Place is of 3 storeys and basement and
pedimented dormers to attic. 6 windows wide. Rusticated ground
floor, with cornice and blind balustrade at 1st floor level, is
arcaded with linking impost string. Entrance in bay adjoining the
pedimented pavilion return to Park front, is pedimented with
rusticated surround and lamp standards with extinguishers. 1st
floor has Palladian window above entrance and other 1st floor windows
with cornices on consoles, that in corner pavilion with pediment
framed by similar pilaster order as on Park front, with flanking
niches. Exceptional classical interiors,in particular those
decorated by Stuart in the west range with the first "Etruscan"
room in Europe and important work by Taylor and Holland.
Survey of London; vol XXX
James Stuart: David Watkin
Architectural Review March 1984: "Tracing a Palladio elevation"

Listing NGR: TQ2917480112

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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