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2 and 4 High Street, Including the Former 1 Oxford Street and 1a Oxford Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Malmesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5837 / 51°35'1"N

Longitude: -2.0978 / 2°5'51"W

OS Eastings: 393322

OS Northings: 187212

OS Grid: ST933872

Mapcode National: GBR 2QZ.QFL

Mapcode Global: VH95S.LGC8

Entry Name: 2 and 4 High Street, Including the Former 1 Oxford Street and 1a Oxford Street

Listing Date: 1 July 1976

Last Amended: 26 March 2009

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1269431

English Heritage Legacy ID: 460801

Location: Malmesbury, Wiltshire, SN16

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Malmesbury

Built-Up Area: Malmesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Malmesbury and Brokenborough

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

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Listing Text

MALMESBURY

758-1/4/137 HIGH STREET
01-JUL-76 (East side)
2 AND 4
2 and 4 High Street, including the Forme
r 1 Oxford Street and 1A Oxford Street

(Formerly listed as:
HIGH STREET
2 AND 4)

GV II

Houses, now shop and café with flats above. The buildings are in two ranges, dating from the late C18 and mid-C19, with alterations in the C20.

MATERIALS: The C18 range is of rendered limestone rubble, the C19 building is of coursed limestone and limestone dressings to the main elevation, and brick to the rear. The continuous roof is covered in stone slates, and the stacks are of brick.

PLAN: The High Street range is double-depth on plan, with a further range running at right-angles to the rear of 4 High Street. The Oxford Street range is single depth on plan, with a further single storey range running rearwards for a short distance from the easternmost bay. A small courtyard is formed at the rear of these ranges.

EXTERIOR: The late-C18 range is of two storeys and attic, and consists of a three-window range facing the High Street, a canted, one-window corner bay, and a wide single-window range to Oxford Street. This building is rendered and has two-over-two horned sashes, with six-over six sashes to the southern two bays. It is adjoined by a range dating from the mid-C19, which fronts Oxford Street: also of two storeys and attic, this is an irregular, four-window range with similar two-over-two horned sashes in segmental headed openings, built from squared and coursed rubble stone with limestone dressings. The ground floors have late C20 shop fronts, with the exception of the eastern bay of the C19 range, which has a pair of double doors set under a segmental arch. The ground floor of 4 High Street contains a single commercial unit. The ground floor of 2 High Street and most of the Oxford Street range is occupied by another commercial unit, taking in the ground floors of both buildings apart from the ground floor of the eastern bay of the Oxford Street range, which is occupied by a single lock-up unit. The first and second floors across both ranges are occupied by flats, which run through the two buildings. There is a continuous roof over both ranges, hipped above the canted corner, and covered in stone slates.

HISTORY: The buildings now comprising 2 and 4 High Street date from the C18 and C19. The original building was the range fronting the High Street, running back from there to the rear of Oxford Street, which comprised 2 and 4 High Street. During the C18 and early C19 the Oxford Street plot was partly occupied by the Red Lyon Inn, but this was replaced in the mid-C19 by a new range attached to 2 and 4 High Street and fronting on to Oxford Street, known as number 1 Oxford Street. This building had a dressed stone façade rather than the rendered stone rubble of the C18 building which it adjoined, but the two were interconnecting. The buildings are now occupied by commercial units on the ground floor, with flats above, all now known as 2 High Street. A new address of 1a Oxford Street was created as part of the former 1 Oxford Street was partially divided from the rest of the building in the late C20, though it occupies only the ground floor and is still partly interconnected.

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION DECISION:
2 and 4 High Street, incorporating the former 1 Oxford Street and present 1a Oxford Street, are designated at Grade II, for the following principal reasons:
* The buildings form an interconnecting range of buildings of the late C18 and mid-C19 with C20 shops to their ground floors
* They survive well, and are of good quality, forming a significant corner group at the main crossroads in the town
* Group value with the medieval Market Cross and the adjacent designated buildings, as well as the numerous other designated examples to either side of both the High Street and Oxford Street

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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