History in Structure

55 Westgate Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Gloucester, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.8663 / 51°51'58"N

Longitude: -2.2478 / 2°14'52"W

OS Eastings: 383031

OS Northings: 218659

OS Grid: SO830186

Mapcode National: GBR 1KZ.VYD

Mapcode Global: VH94C.0C05

Plus Code: 9C3VVQ82+GV

Entry Name: 55 Westgate Street

Listing Date: 12 March 1973

Last Amended: 13 April 2023

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1271933

English Heritage Legacy ID: 472631

ID on this website: 101271933

Location: Gloucester, Gloucestershire, GL1

County: Gloucestershire

District: Gloucester

Electoral Ward/Division: Westgate

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Gloucester

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Hempsted with Gloucester, Saint Mary de Lode and Saint Mary de Crypt

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

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Formerly a medieval merchant's house, now a shop and dwelling. It dates possibly to the C15 and has a C17 rear wing. The building was re-fronted and other alterations performed in the mid- to late C18 and further altered in the C20 and C21.


Formerly a medieval merchant's house, now a shop and dwelling. It dates possibly to the C15 and has a C17 rear wing. The building was re-fronted along with other alterations in the mid- to late C18 and further altered in the C20 and C21.

MATERIALS: the structure is an encapsulated timber frame, rendered to the sides and rear. There is an ashlar-walled cellar, a stuccoed brick front, and slate roof with a hipped dormer and a tall brick stack.

PLAN: a double-depth block, with parallel pitched roofs and an end-gabled C17 wing at the rear. The front left corner of the rear wing has a mortice for a horizontal rail, possibly indicating the position of a former gallery connecting the front and rear blocks.

EXTERIOR: three storeys with an attic and cellar. The rear wing is two storeys. The principal elevation includes a C20 shopfront with C19 fascia on the end brackets. The upper floors are of two bays with a string course at the first-floor window sill level a crowning cornice with close-set modillions and a parapet above. On each of the upper floors, there are two plain horned sash windows of similar size, in plain openings, with projecting sills on the second floor. The roof dormer has a pair of plain casements.

INTERIOR: in the cellar, the side walls are in ashlar, with vestiges of stone springers to a former barrel vault replaced by a timber floor. Within the shop, there are exposed lateral bridging beams and an early-C19 dog-leg staircase with winders at the turns and a stick balustrade. On the second floor is a C18 two-panel door. The alignments of walls and floors indicate timber framing concealed by later linings.


In the late C14, Gloucester’s trade industry – principally in corn and wine – enriched a small but influential group of merchants who monopolised official positions of the City. By the early C17 merchants were displaying their prosperity in new or enlarged houses located within the central parishes. Their proximity to the focus of communal life and centre of the borough administration was an added benefit. A few notable examples of these merchant’s houses survive along Westgate Street as testaments to the area’s trading activity and the prominence of these wealthy officeholders throughout the late medieval and early modern periods.

Reasons for Listing

55 Westgate Street is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:

* as an example of a merchant's townhouse that has its origins probably in the C15 and as a building which retains historic fabric dating from various phases of refurbishment and alteration.

Historic interest:

* for its contribution to our understanding of the development of domestic architecture in Gloucester from the medieval period onwards.

External Links

External links are from the relevant listing authority and, where applicable, Wikidata. Wikidata IDs may be related buildings as well as this specific building. If you want to add or update a link, you will need to do so by editing the Wikidata entry.

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