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The Temple of the Four Winds Including Retaining Wall

A Grade I Listed Building in Henderskelfe, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1207 / 54°7'14"N

Longitude: -0.8963 / 0°53'46"W

OS Eastings: 472236

OS Northings: 469988

OS Grid: SE722699

Mapcode National: GBR QN5S.RL

Mapcode Global: WHFBF.6PGC

Entry Name: The Temple of the Four Winds Including Retaining Wall

Listing Date: 25 January 1954

Last Amended: 22 June 1987

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1296445

English Heritage Legacy ID: 329033

Location: Henderskelfe, Ryedale, North Yorkshire, YO60

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

Civil Parish: Henderskelfe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bulmer St Martin

Church of England Diocese: York

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Listing Text

SE 76 NW
(east end)
Castle Howard
7/77 The Temple of the Four
Winds including containing
25.1.54 wall
(formerly listed as The
Garden house in form of temple and steps and containing wall to it. 1724-26
by Sir John Vanbrugh with stone door-heads carved by Dan Harvey. Statues
possibly by J Nost. Internal plasterwork and scagliola of 1737-39 by
Francesco Vassali. Limestone ashlar, lead roof. Central square cella with
4 porticos on cruciform podium, surrounded to the north, west and south by a
containing wall, with steps to west. Podium with flight of 8 steps, flanked
on east and west facades by lead statues. Tetrastyle pedimented Ionic
porticos with plain tympanum and urns to angles. Half-glazed door in
architrave with elaborately carved door-head flanked by sashes with glazing
bars in shell niches. Ionic cornice surmounted by urns to angles.
Octagonal window to dome, surmounted by lantern. Interior: niches above the
doors contain busts of Vespasian, Faustina, Trajan and Sabina. Floor of
Portland stone inlaid with coloured antique marble. Columns and architraves
in black and gold scagliola. Containing wall and steps: 2 flights of
shallow steps flanked by balustrade. Wall approximately 3 metres in height
with chamfered plinth and coping stones. Massive corner buttresses with
tapering bases carrying 5 pulvinated courses surmounted by moulded cornice.
Howard G, Castle Howard Guidebook, 1972. Hussey C, English Gardens and
Landscapes 1700-1750, 1967. Lees-Milne J, English Country Houses: Baroque
1685-1715, 1970. HBMC, Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic
interest in England, Part 32, North Yorkshire: Castle Howard, Grade I.

Listing NGR: SE7223669988

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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