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The Longhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Strete, Devon

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Latitude: 50.3109 / 50°18'39"N

Longitude: -3.6302 / 3°37'48"W

OS Eastings: 284020

OS Northings: 46934

OS Grid: SX840469

Mapcode National: GBR QQ.FWJ7

Mapcode Global: FRA 3886.RKJ

Entry Name: The Longhouse

Listing Date: 25 March 1991

Last Amended: 4 August 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1325181

English Heritage Legacy ID: 100030

Location: Strete, South Hams, Devon, TQ6

County: Devon

District: South Hams

Civil Parish: Strete

Built-Up Area: Strete

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Strete St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

SX 84 NW,

Manor Farmhouse


House, formerly a farmhouse. C17 or possibly earlier origins with later
alterations including C20 restoration. Local slate rubble with rendered
front. Asbestos tile roof, gabled at left-hand end, hipped at right-hand
end. Rendered left-hand end stack and axial stack and exposed stone rubble
right-hand end stack.
PLAN: Situated at right angles to road facing south-east. Long range,
probably formerly 4 rooms but internal partitions have been removed to form
at the left end one long room with a gable end stack, and at the right end a
small room which, since it has a fireplace at both ends, must have formerly
been 2 rooms. There is a doorway to the right of centre, probably to a
passage between the 2 rooms. In front of the right-hand room there is a
projecting bay and at the back a short wing attached to a long range of farm
buildings which have been converted into houses. Behind the main range
there is a parallel range of outbuildings also converted into houses.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. Long asymmetrical 5-window range. The right-hand end
projects. Mostly late C19 2 and 3 and 5-light casements with glazing bars,
the 2 ground-floor right-hand windows are circa late C19 sashes of 16 and 6
panes. Doorway at centre with C19 studded softwood plank door with
wrought-iron hinges and C20 glazed porch with slate roof. There is another
doorway at the left-hand end of the front with a C20 glazed door.
At the right-hand end on the road a mounting block against the end wall. To
the right the short rear wing has a C20 glazed door with a chamfered wooden
lintel. At the rear a parallel range, probably C19 outbuildings converted
into separate house in C20.
INTERIOR: Seen from outside only. Large left end room has rough joists and
no main beam and the fireplace appears to have been rebuilt; probably
originally 2 rooms. The lower right-hand room has large open fireplace in
stack which probably backs onto a cross passage and has a high, chamfered
wooden lintel. The lower end room also has a chamfered cross-beam and a
small fireplace with a brick arch in the lower right-hand end wall.

Listing NGR: SX8402146934

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.


A C17 former cross-passage house, with possible earlier origins, refurbished in the late C20.


A C17 former cross-passage house, with possible earlier origins, refurbished in the late C20.

MATERIALS: a rubble-stone building with a rendered front, covered with asbestos-tile roofs. The windows are timber frames.

PLAN: a single-depth three/four-room, former cross-passage plan (some of the internal walls have been removed and replaced in the C20).

EXTERIOR: a two-storey building topped by a pitched roof with a hipped end to the east and gabled to the west. There is an off-centre brick stack over the roof ridge, and lateral stacks at either end. The principal (south) elevation is asymmetrical and has five bays. The main entrance is to the right-of-centre, with a C19 studded plank door with wrought-iron hinges within a C20 pitch-roof porch. Most of the windows are late C19, including two, three and five-light casements on both floors, and a 15-pane ground-floor window. The right-hand bay projects forward of the main elevation. The west elevation faces onto the road and incorporates a mounting block, blocked ground-floor and first-floor openings and a glazed first-floor arrow-slit. The north-east short wing contains a door and first-floor three-light window.

INTERIOR: the current main entrance hall marks the former cross passage and the blocked rear doorway is discernible in the north wall. To the west of the hall is a rubble-stone internal wall with a pointed-arched opening. There are chamfered-and-stopped ceiling beams in the principal ground-floor rooms, and several internal timber plank doors with strap hinges, of various dates. In the centre of the house, facing into the east-end room, is a large fireplace with a timber bressumer and two cloam (bread) ovens. To the rear of the fireplace is a separate smoke chamber with a conical roof, and two pointed-arched doors, one leading through to the passage and the other (blocked) in the north wall. There are further later fireplaces at either end of the building. There are two timber dogleg staircases, one in the centre of the building, the other in the east-end room. The first floor contains a stone fireplace at the east end decorated with C17 monochrome patterned sgraffito plaster, and an around C17 stud-and-plank screen in the west-end room. This range is topped by a late C17/ early C18 collared timber-pegged roof. The whole building was refurbished in the late C20 and some of the partitions and joinery dates to this phase.


The site was originally known as Manor Farm and it was one of three farms around which the settlement of Strete developed. The surviving historic fabric indicates the south range dates to the C17, with possible earlier origins. The original building appears to have been a cross-passage house with three or four rooms which has been subject to various phases of extensions, including the addition of a stair tower to the south at a later date. A kitchen range and store loft was added to the north-east, and an implement store and agricultural wing added to the north-west end, around the late C18/ early C19. Manor Farm appears on an 1816 map, with a parallel range to the rear and a rear cross wing. The footprint is similar on the 1840 Tithe map. During the Second World War all of Strete was evacuated due to nearby live ammunition manoeuvres being carried out by the Allied forces on the E Devon coast. After the end of the war the farm was sold. In the mid-C20 an outbuilding to the south was used as an abattoir. The attached north range and wing were subdivided into separate dwellings. The former C17 cross passage house was renamed The Longhouse.

Reasons for Listing

The Longhouse, Strete, Devon, a C17 cross-passage house, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Date: it is a C17 house that retains a significant proportion of early fabric;
* Architectural interest: the plan and decoration is highly characteristic of south-west vernacular building traditions;
* Degree of alteration: the former cross-passage plan and room arrangement is still legible and the building retains several interesting internal features including a smoking chamber, first-floor stud-and-plank screen and monochrome scraffito decoration;
* Group value: with various listed buildings in the centre of Strete, including Glen Cottage and the adjoining house, a mid-C17 building with probably earlier origins (Grade II).

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