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White Horses

A Grade II Listed Building in High Roding, Essex

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Latitude: 51.8299 / 51°49'47"N

Longitude: 0.324 / 0°19'26"E

OS Eastings: 560240

OS Northings: 217137

OS Grid: TL602171

Mapcode National: GBR NGV.BQ5

Mapcode Global: VHHM4.K8NK

Entry Name: White Horses

Listing Date: 20 February 1967

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1328838

English Heritage Legacy ID: 352753

Location: High Roothing, Uttlesford, Essex, CM6

County: Essex

Civil Parish: High Roothing

Built-Up Area: High Roding

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: High Roding All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


4/13 White Horses


House, late medieval and C17, with C19 and C20 alterations. Timber-framed and
plastered, with some exposed brickwork, roof tiled. 4 bays with 2 internal
chimney stacks and external chimney stack on NE walls, C19. Small timber-
framed building to rear of NE end, C17 or earlier. Stair tower and single-
storey extension to rear of SW end, c.1961. 2 storeys. On ground floor, 4
C20 metal casement windows, C20 door with imitation C19 hood. First floor
windows to be described later. Roof half-hipped at both ends. 2 diagonal
shafts, c.1961, on SW stack, one diagonal shaft, c.1961, on NE stack. Some
framing exposed internally. Stop-chamfered ceiling beams. The original building
was a late medieval hall house. In the C17 the walls were raised by about 1.5
metres and a clasped purlin roof built, re-using some smoke-blackened medieval
rafters. All the original tiebeams are missing or severed, and little remains
of the medieval structure; effectively it is C17 with C19 and C20 alterations.
In the C19 it was divided into 3 cottages, with extra stacks, stairs and floors.
In or about 1961 the cottages were combined into one house. Some original
floorboards were covered by modern softwood planking. Other alterations at
that time have seriously reduced the historical authenticity of the house,
since they took the form of introducing building components of unknown provenance
into a house in which they have no proper place, and imitating older styles
which are not relevant to this building. A four-centred doorhead from elsewhere
has been introduced over the SW door in an impossible position historically.
The SW elevation has been treated with false framing and exposed modern brick-
work in imitation of brick nogging (of which there is a genuine example at New
Hall barn, High Roding), historically inappropriate here. A rear stair tower
has been framed with re-used timber in imitation of older work, but without
regard to traditional construction or proportion. Diagonal shafts in imitation
of early C17 chimneys have been built on C19 stacks. One upper front window
(the second from the SW end) has been converted with 3 genuine ovolo mullions
and a wrought iron casement from elsewhere in imitation of a late C16 window,
but all the components crudely fitted. Another upper front window (at the SW
end) has been similarly treated with imitation ovolo mullions, with imitation
diamond glazing executed in obscured bathroom glass. The other 2 upper front
windows are genuine late C17 or early C18 hardwood frames of 2 fixed lights and
one wrought iron casement each and may be authentic in this house; but all
the saddle bars of the fixed lights are missing, and windows designed for
rectangular panes have been converted to imitation diamond glazing. More
imitation diamond glazing has been inserted in C20 patent metal casement
windows. Some of these alterations could still be reversed. The small
kitchen/bakehouse to the rear of the NE end is of historic interest. Described
in Statutory List of 23 February 1967 as 'Cottage NE of smithy'.

Listing NGR: TL6024017137

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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