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No. 219 Oxford Street

A Grade II Listed Building in City of Westminster, Westminster

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5154 / 51°30'55"N

Longitude: -0.1402 / 0°8'24"W

OS Eastings: 529146

OS Northings: 181243

OS Grid: TQ291812

Mapcode National: GBR DB.PY

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.J57N

Plus Code: 9C3XGV85+4W

Entry Name: No. 219 Oxford Street

Listing Date: 14 January 2001

Last Amended: 26 April 2013

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1352668

English Heritage Legacy ID: 489706

Location: Westminster, London, W1D

County: Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: West End

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Anne Soho

Church of England Diocese: London

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Summary


No. 219 Oxford Street is a commercial building of 1951-2 by Ronald Ward and Partners.

Description

This mixed retail and office building of 1951-2 is situated on the corner of Oxford Street and Hills Terrace.

MATERIALS: the building is steel-framed and clad in pre-cast stone panels, with metal-framed windows.

PLAN: the building has five storeys and a basement. At each floor there is a single corner room (now opened through into No. 215-217 Oxford Street on all but the first floor). A stair to the south (now used as a fire escape) runs the full height of the building, giving access to each of the rooms. There is a small WC on each half-landing.

EXTERIOR: the Oxford Street elevation turns with a curved corner into the Hills Terrace elevation, and continuous bands of metal-framed windows to the upper four floors wrap around the two elevations. The ground floor acts as a fully-glazed corner shop window (this arrangement replacing the original shop front), with a fascia recess above. The original entrance is on Hills Terrace; there is a recessed, glazed, hardwood, door with a yellow ochre tiled surround, which includes a tile with the date of the building and name of the architects.

The east side of the Oxford Street elevation has three cast stone reliefs, one at the end of each band of fenestration to the upper three floors. The reliefs depict subjects relating to the Festival of Britain, and are by David Trussler. The second-floor relief depicts the Dome of Discovery and the Skylon, along with nautical instruments and emblems; the third-floor relief reproduces the Festival logo, designed by Abram Games; and the fourth-floor relief depicts the Festival Hall and Shot Tower, along with musical instruments.

INTERIOR: the staircase is open with curvilinear metal balustrading and hand rail, with a terrazzo floor. At each level the corner room has been fitted-out for its modern function. The interior of the building, with the exception of the staircase, is not of special interest.

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 28/06/2018

History

As built, No. 219 Oxford Street comprised a ground-floor shop, with a showroom and three floors of offices above. The building was designed by Ronald Ward and Partners in 1950 for the landlord Jack Salmon, who took the second-floor suite for himself. The scheme was revised in February 1951, but was not built until after August 1951 (explaining the plaques celebrating the Festival of Britain - an event which was held in the summer of that year), and appears not to have been completed until 1952, as evidenced by the dated tile near the door to the upper floors. Despite the delay in its construction the building was among the very earliest post-war commercial buildings to be put up in the capital.

In 2004 consent was granted for the demolition and replacement of the buildings to either side of No. 219 Oxford Street: No. 215-217 Oxford Street and No. 1-9 Hills Terrace. No. 219 Oxford Street formed part of this development, with the two new blocks interlinking with each other and the older building. The single room on each floor of No. 219 was opened up into the neighbouring level of No. 215-217 (with the exception of the first floor). The original stair for No. 219 is now used only as a fire escape.

Reasons for Listing

No. 219 Oxford Street is listed for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: the stylish, evocative, Festival of Britain reliefs are apparently unique and of considerable interest as relics of this event of huge cultural importance; by the time this building was completed, several of the temporary Festival buildings had already been dismantled;
* Architectural interest: the building is one the first buildings to be erected in the capital after the World War II, and displays an interesting transitional style between the 1930s and the 1950s.

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