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Latitude: 54.9221 / 54°55'19"N
Longitude: -3.0489 / 3°2'55"W
OS Eastings: 332871
OS Northings: 559108
OS Grid: NY328591
Mapcode National: GBR 7C4J.QB
Mapcode Global: WH7ZV.4JFZ
Entry Name: Church of St Michael
Listing Date: 1 April 1957
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1367134
English Heritage Legacy ID: 78230
Location: Burgh By Sands, Carlisle, Cumbria, CA5
Civil Parish: Burgh by Sands
Built-Up Area: Burgh by Sands
Traditional County: Cumberland
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria
Church of England Parish: Burgh-by-Sands St Michael
Church of England Diocese: Carlisle
NY 3259 BURGH BY SANDS Burgh by Sands
Church of St Michael
Church. Probably late C12, bell tower 1360, C15 east tower, alterations of 1713
and restoration 1881. Squared and coursed red and calciferous sandstone (from
the nearby Roman Wall and Roman Fort, on which site the church stands);
graduated greenslate roof, C20 brick chimney stack on vestry. 3-storey west
tower; 3-bay nave with north aisle, 2-bay chancel and single-bay vestry (former
east tower) under common roof. West tower has extremely thick walls on
chamfered plinth with clasping buttresses; vaulted lower chamber has newel
staircase in south-west angle, lit by arrow slits; west wall has internal steps
in thickness of wall, to arrow slit; loop hole near former north entrance in
aisle. South-east buttress has inscription I.S. 1560(?). First floor
trefoil-head lancets in each wall, that in east wall looks into nave;
round-arched bell openings above, square-headed in east wall. Battlemented
parapet with projecting lead water spouts. O.S. bench mark on north-west
buttress. East entrance from nave has iron yet and drawbar tunnel. Medieval
bells. Repositioned Norman north entrance to aisle, has beakhead decoration;
Victorian restoration of outer order. Inscriptions on jambs: I.B. 1769, I.B.
1842. When the bell tower was built, it appears this entrance was blocked and a
shouldered-arched entrance opened in the west wall of aisle, itself now
blocked. Pointed lancet windows of 1881. South wall of nave has 3 blocked
square-headed windows, replaced with C19 2-light windows with plate tracery;
large C18 aedicule monument between windows has very weathered insciption.
Chancel has pointed lancets of 1881 and probable lepers' window, although this
appears to be in a blocked priest's entrance. Vestry was formerly the vicar's
tower, reduced in height and gabled over, probably in 1713; remains of a blocked
C15 window; round-headed C18 windows, upper floor C19 sash window with glazing
bars in east end. Interior: 3-bay north aisle arcade of pointed arches on
octagonal columns with stiff-leaf capitals (columns collapsed when tower was
built in 1360 and had to be rebuilt). Open timber roof to nave of 1881. C19
stained glass. C19 chancel arch, aumbry recess; east sanctuary wall has
entrance to vestry right and sculptured corbel stone from Roman Fort to left.
Early C20 furnishings and fittings. C18 font on C19 shaft. One of a small
number of fortified churches in the border area, unique in having 2 fortified
towers. See unpublished notes by B.C. Jones, Burgh by Sands, History of Church,
1978, Cumbria County Record Office.
Listing NGR: NY3286859107
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