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Terrace with Retaining Wall and Steps Garden Wall and Summerhouse Adjoining Cornbury House to East

A Grade II Listed Building in Cornbury and Wychwood, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8596 / 51°51'34"N

Longitude: -1.4935 / 1°29'36"W

OS Eastings: 434980

OS Northings: 218008

OS Grid: SP349180

Mapcode National: GBR 6TT.78P

Mapcode Global: VHBZP.2JB9

Plus Code: 9C3WVG54+RJ

Entry Name: Terrace with Retaining Wall and Steps Garden Wall and Summerhouse Adjoining Cornbury House to East

Listing Date: 13 June 1988

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1367909

English Heritage Legacy ID: 252457

Location: Cornbury Park, West Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire, OX7

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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SP31NW, SP3518
5/17, 13/17 Terrace with retaining wall
and steps, garden wall, and
summerhouse adjoining Cornbury
House to E


Terrace with retaining wall and steps, garden wall and summerhouse. Terrace of
c.1850. Limestone ashlar retaining wall with moulded plinth, dies and moulded
coping. Approximately 170 metres long. Two-flight stone steps on the central
axis of the south-east front of Cornbury House (q.v.), consisting of pairs of
square gate piers with moulded plinths, moulded caps, and large carved urns, and
2 pairs of wrought-iron gates with spearhead railings. Panelled wall to centre.
Summerhouse at north-east end of terrace. Probably c.1901-6, by John Belcher. At
centre of former semi-circular pergola, now mostly demolished. Lattice wooden
construction on brick plinth with limestone ashlar wall to rear and lead dome.
Three-bay portico consisting of lattice wooden Ionic columns with swags between
volutes, lattice frieze with Greek-key ornament, triglyphs and scrolled key to
centre, moulded wooden cornice with mutules, and lattice parapet. Lattice screen
and archway between pilasters to rear of portico. Domed interior with panelled
wooden seat to rear. Flanking low curved brick walls, formerly supporting
pergola (see angled pilasters to sides of portico). Garden wall to rear of
terrace, adjoining house to south-west and forming south-east side of stable
courtyard to rear. Probably of 1689. Roughly squared limestone with stone
coping. Approximately 60 metres long. Buttresses to rear. Round-arched gateway
at south-west end with panelled gate, radial fanlight and keystone. The terrace
is probably contemporary with the tower and porte-cochere added to the
south-east front of Cornbury House c.1850, now demolished (see old photographs
kept in the house - April 1987). Belcher carried out work at Cornbury House in
1901-6 and the summerhouse and former pergola probably date from this time (both
are shown in old photographs kept in the house). William Talman was employed at
Cornbury by the Earl of Clarendon in 1689 and the garden wall to the rear of the
terrace probably dates from this time, either wholly or in part.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: p555)

Listing NGR: SP3498018008

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