History in Structure

Mausoleum of Baron John Frederick Andrew Huth, Kensal Green Cemetery

A Grade II Listed Building in Queens Park, London

We don't have any photos of this building yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »


Latitude: 51.5288 / 51°31'43"N

Longitude: -0.2235 / 0°13'24"W

OS Eastings: 523327

OS Northings: 182590

OS Grid: TQ233825

Mapcode National: GBR BD.8BX

Mapcode Global: VHGQR.2TPX

Plus Code: 9C3XGQHG+GH

Entry Name: Mausoleum of Baron John Frederick Andrew Huth, Kensal Green Cemetery

Listing Date: 13 June 2001

Last Amended: 3 April 2012

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1389179

English Heritage Legacy ID: 487814

ID on this website: 101389179

Location: Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, Kensington and Chelsea, London, W10

County: London

District: Kensington and Chelsea

Electoral Ward/Division: Queens Park

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Brent

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Michaell and All Angels Ladbroke Grove

Church of England Diocese: London

Tagged with: Mausoleum

Find accommodation in


Portland stone mausoleum by EM Lander the Elder, dated 1841.


A very large Portland stone mausoleum designed by Edward Manuel Lander the Elder. Standing on a tall base with torus moulding, each face has a central panel with an inscription or armorial achievement flanked by urns in relief. The frieze has Biblical inscriptions in Latin on each side (Job 1:21: 'Dominus dedit Dominus abstulit / sit nomen Domini benedictum' - 'the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away / blessed be the name of the Lord'); the roof is a stepped pyramid with pierced ventilation openings. The mausoleum is said to have cost £1,500 and has a capacity for 48 coffins within.


John Frederick Andrew Huth (1777-1864) was a merchant and merchant banker, nicknamed the 'Napoleon of the City' for his financial alacrity and personal presence. Born Johann Friederich Andreas Huth in Stade, Hanover, he was apprenticed to a Spanish merchant house at Hamburg, and afterwards worked for the company in Spain. Following the French invasion of 1809 Huth fled to London, where he established his own trading company, Frederick Huth & Co., supplying the British army in Spain and importing goods from Latin America to Europe. He and his family became naturalised British subjects in 1819. From 1829 Huth was financial adviser to Queen Maria Christina of Spain and financial agent for the Spanish government. His firm also played an important role in financing trade with North America, and by the time of his retirement in 1850 had become one of the largest merchant banking houses in London.

The Cemetery of All Souls at Kensal Green was the earliest of the large privately-run cemeteries established on the fringes of London to relieve pressure on overcrowded urban churchyards. Its founder George Frederick Carden intended it as an English counterpart to the great Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris, which he had visited in 1821. In 1830, with the financial backing of the banker Sir John Dean Paul, Carden established the General Cemetery Company, and two years later an Act of Parliament was obtained to develop a 55-acre site at Kensal Green, then among open fields to the west of the metropolis. An architectural competition was held, but the winning entry – a Gothic scheme by HE Kendall – fell foul of Sir John's classicising tastes, and the surveyor John Griffith of Finsbury was eventually employed both to lay out the grounds and to design the Greek Revival chapels, entrance arch and catacombs, built between 1834 and 1837. A sequence of royal burials, beginning in 1843 with that of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, ensured the cemetery’s popularity. It is still administered by the General Cemetery Company, assisted since 1989 by the Friends of Kensal Green.

Reasons for Listing

The Mausoleum of Baron John Frederick Andrew Huth is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Artistic interest: a large and elaborate mausoleum, executed to a high standard of craftsmanship;
* Group value: with other listed monuments within the Grade I registered Kensal Green Cemetery.

External Links

External links are from the relevant listing authority and, where applicable, Wikidata. Wikidata IDs may be related buildings as well as this specific building. If you want to add or update a link, you will need to do so by editing the Wikidata entry.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.