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Berkhamsted War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7597 / 51°45'34"N

Longitude: -0.5622 / 0°33'44"W

OS Eastings: 499326

OS Northings: 207756

OS Grid: SP993077

Mapcode National: GBR F55.NP3

Mapcode Global: VHFS4.61MB

Plus Code: 9C3XQC5Q+V4

Entry Name: Berkhamsted War Memorial

Listing Date: 1 November 2016

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1437407

Location: Berkhamsted, Dacorum, Hertfordshire, HP4

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Berkhamsted

Built-Up Area: Berkhamsted

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Great Berkhamsted

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

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Berkhamsted

Summary


First World War memorial, with later additions for the Second World War. Erected circa 1920, with the names of the Fallen of the Second World War added after 1945.

Description

First World War memorial, with later additions for the Second World War. Erected circa 1920, with the names of the Fallen of the Second World War added after 1945.

MATERIALS: carved from stone.

DESCRIPTION: the war memorial stands immediately to the W of the S aisle of the Church of St Peter, adjacent to Church Lane and the High Street. It is situated opposite the Grade II*-listed medieval church and adjacent to several C16 houses, which are Grade II* and Grade II-listed.

The memorial comprises a Greek cross set at the head of a tapering octagonal shaft with a moulded base. It rises from a moulded octagonal plinth on a three-tier stepped octagonal base. On the top tier of the base is an inscription in incised lettering TO OUR GLORIOUS DEAD/ 1914-18/ NAMES. Inscribed into eight stone panels are 182 names of those that died during the First World War. The plinth is inscribed 1939-1945/ NAMES with four stone panels bearing 94 names of the Fallen of the Second World War.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead, which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Berkhamsted in circa 1920 as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The names of the Fallen of the Second World War were added after 1945. In circa 1952 the memorial was moved to its current site next to the W door and S aisle of the Church of St Peter. There was originally a Celtic cross on top of the shaft but it was replaced by a Greek cross in the later C20. The memorial was restored in 2002.

Reasons for Listing

Berkhamsted War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as a war memorial that has strong cultural and historic significance within both a local and national context;
* Commemorative: it forms a poignant reminder of the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made during the First and Second World Wars;
* Design: as an elegant memorial comprising a Greek cross set upon a tapering shaft, moulded plinth and stepped base;
* Group value: with the Grade II*-listed Church of St Peter and adjacent Grade II* and Grade II-listed C16 houses on Church Lane and the High Street, as well as a war memorial inside the Church of St Peter.

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