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Great Altcar War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Great Altcar, Lancashire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.5509 / 53°33'3"N

Longitude: -3.0281 / 3°1'41"W

OS Eastings: 331983

OS Northings: 406519

OS Grid: SD319065

Mapcode National: GBR 7W9C.7V

Mapcode Global: WH86M.G09N

Entry Name: Great Altcar War Memorial

Listing Date: 17 October 2016

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1438865

Location: Great Altcar, West Lancashire, Lancashire, L37

County: Lancashire

District: West Lancashire

Civil Parish: Great Altcar

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lancashire

Church of England Parish: Altcar St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool

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Summary

First World War memorial with further names added after the Second World War.

Description

MATERIALS: sandstone.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial comprises a c 3.6m high wheel-head cross. It is decorated with a carved fleur de lis cross in relief intertwined with the ‘IHS’ Christogram at the centre point of the cross. Decorative ropework edging is carved around the wheel.

The cross is set upon an oblong tapering shaft on an oblong tapered plinth with a projecting cornice. The southern and northern faces of the plinth feature a wreath carved in relief.

The inscription is carved on indented panels on the southern face of the plinth and reads: THIS CROSS WAS ERECTED BY THE / PEOPLE OF ALTCAR TO THE HONOUR / OF THE MEN OF THIS PARISH WHO / FOUGHT FOR GOD & KING, FREEDOM, / RIGHT & PEACE. AND IN GRATEFUL / MEMORY OF THOSE WHO GAVE THEIR / LIVES FOR US IN THE GREAT WAR, / 1914-1918, AND WHOSE NAMES ARE / HEREON INSCRIBED.

The eastern face of the plinth is inscribed with the names of those who fell in the First World War and the western face with the names of those who fell in the Second World War.

The plinth stands on a base of two steps which also bears an inscription on the eastern face, under the First World War names on the plinth, which reads : "SEE YE TO IT THAT THESE MEN / SHALL NOT HAVE FOUGHT IN VAIN".

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 2 February 2017.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England, both as a result of the huge impact the loss of three quarters of a million British lives had on communities and the official policy of not repatriating the dead, which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Great Altcar as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The memorial was erected in 1920 by the villagers of Great Altcar through public subscription.

Following the Second World War, the names of those who lost their lives in that war were also added.

Reasons for Listing

Great Altcar War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: an ornate and striking wheel-head cross with carved decorative details;
* Group value: with St Michael and All Angels Church (Grade II*).

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