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Tilney All Saints War Memorial Cross

A Grade II Listed Building in King's Lynn, Norfolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7366 / 52°44'11"N

Longitude: 0.3213 / 0°19'16"E

OS Eastings: 556818

OS Northings: 317965

OS Grid: TF568179

Mapcode National: GBR N3T.J19

Mapcode Global: WHJP5.XG5X

Plus Code: 9F42P8PC+JG

Entry Name: Tilney All Saints War Memorial Cross

Listing Date: 8 August 2018

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1456188

Location: Tilney All Saints, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk, PE34

County: Norfolk

District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk

Civil Parish: Tilney All Saints

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Summary


First World War memorial cross with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

The tall stone war memorial cross stands in front of the south wall of the tower of the Church of All Saints (Grade I-listed). It is in close proximity to numerous Grade II-listed buildings and churchyard monuments. The memorial takes the form of a stone wheel-head cross fleury rising from the collar of a slender cross shaft, octagonal in section. A shield is carved on the front face of the collar, bearing the monogram IHS. The cross shaft stands on a small shouldered pedestal, square on plan, that stands on a two-step octagonal plinth. Slate panels are inset into the sides of the pedestal.

The principal dedicatory inscription to the front face of the pedestal reads TO THE GLORY OF GOD/ AND IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF/ THOSE WHO WENT OUT FROM/ THIS PARISH/ AND LAID DOWN THEIR/ LIVES FOR US. Commemorated names are listed on one side of the pedestal under the dates 1914 – 1918, whilst the three Second World War names are listed on another side under the dates 1939 – 1945.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Tilney All Saints as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by 13 members of the local community who died in the First World War. Following the Second World War the names of three men who died in that conflict were added to the memorial.

Reasons for Listing

Tilney All Saints War Memorial Cross, which stands in the churchyard, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* a tall and elegant war memorial cross.

Group value:

* with the Church of All Saints (Grade I), numerous Grade II-listed churchyard monuments, and nearby Grade II-listed buildings including All Saints House and the Barn abutting All Saints House.

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