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Spray fountain in Promenade Gardens

A Grade II Listed Building in Lytham St Anne's, Lancashire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.7481 / 53°44'53"N

Longitude: -3.0325 / 3°1'57"W

OS Eastings: 332008

OS Northings: 428463

OS Grid: SD320284

Mapcode National: GBR 7T83.84

Mapcode Global: WH85N.D15Z

Entry Name: Spray fountain in Promenade Gardens

Listing Date: 11 April 2019

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1463337

Location: Saint Anne's on the Sea, Fylde, Lancashire, FY8

County: Lancashire

District: Fylde

Civil Parish: Saint Anne's on the Sea

Built-Up Area: Lytham St Anne's

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lancashire

Summary


An ornamental spray fountain of approximately 1898, by Walter MacFarlane and Company of Saracen Foundry, Glasgow.

Description

Ornamental fountain, approximately 1898, by Walter MacFarlane and Company of Saracen Foundry, Glasgow.

MATERIALS: cast-iron.

DESCRIPTION: a three-tiered spray fountain. The octofoil lower basin is set into concrete. The outer rim of the basin has passion-flower rosettes. Four lily pads within the basin (in 2019, one broken) have jets. A central cylindrical shaft is decorated with an ivy-leaf upper frieze and four reliefs of two alternate scenes: one a squirrel on an oak branch holding an acorn and accompanied by a bird and a dragonfly; the other a putto wearing a flower as a hat and sailing a boat crafted from a leaf. Around this shaft are four columns with octagonal bases and foliated shafts and capitals. The bases bear, in relief, the maker’s name ‘W MACFARLANE & CO/ GLASGOW’. Above is a large circular bowl with a leafy outer rim (with minor damage) and bulrush-and-lotus-leaf detail on the underside. Above this, a slender central shaft is surrounded by four pelicans with outstretched wings, the spouts of the fountain in flowers at their feet. Atop this shaft is a smaller leafy bowl. Seated on a mushroom in the centre is a putto holding aloft with his right hand a small conical bowl on a stem, with a jet within.

History

The fountain is thought to have been installed in connection with the creation of the promenade gardens, which were laid out progressively following the 1896 St Anne's Improvement Act. The gardens are registered (NHLE 1001491), and contain five structures which are already listed including a bandstand, octagonal pavilion and two shelters, which are probably all by MacFarlane's. The fountain is thought to have been in place by 1898, and a known example of the foundry’s work (NHLE 1250392) which dates from 1902 contains identical elements. The fountain does not appear on the 1893 1:2,500 Ordnance Survey (OS) map, surveyed in 1891, but is marked on the revision of 1909 (published 1911). The fountain forms the centrepiece of the northern section of Promenade Gardens and is surrounded by paths and ornamental planting.

Walter MacFarlane and Company of Glasgow were one of the most prolific suppliers of architectural cast-iron in the world. Operating from 1851 to 1967 out of ‘Saracen Foundry’ (in three successive locations), in 1875 the foundry covered 80 acres and employed over 1,400 people. Over 80 cast-iron structures in England which are now listed buildings are attributed to MacFarlane's, including telephone kiosks, sewage ventilator shafts, lamp posts, drinking fountains, urinals and bandstands. More listed examples of their work are known but unattributed, and the true number is probably several hundred.

Reasons for Listing

The spray fountain in Promenade Gardens, St Anne's on Sea, a three-tiered fountain of approximately 1898, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:

* for its richly-detailed decoration and well-proportioned composition, which survive well;

* as a good example of the work of Walter MacFarlane and Company, one of the best-known suppliers of cast-iron structures in the world.

Group value:

* for its strong visual and functional relationship with the registered landscape (National Heritage List for England 1001491) and the other ornamental listed structures nearby in the gardens, in particular the drinking fountain by the same foundry (NHLE 1463338).

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