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Walled Garden, Fairlie House

A Category C Listed Building in Kilmarnock, South Ayrshire

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Latitude: 55.5888 / 55°35'19"N

Longitude: -4.5667 / 4°34'0"W

OS Eastings: 238335

OS Northings: 635791

OS Grid: NS383357

Mapcode National: GBR 3D.NT3K

Mapcode Global: WH3Q8.TSKD

Plus Code: 9C7QHCQM+G8

Entry Name: Walled Garden, Fairlie House

Listing Name: Fairlie, Walled Garden with Potting Sheds

Listing Date: 22 October 2007

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 336176

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB4866

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Dundonald

County: South Ayrshire

Electoral Ward: Kyle

Parish: Dundonald

Traditional County: Ayrshire

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Probably later 18th century. Large random rubble flat-coped walled garden enclosing an area approximately 150 x 75m with two inner dividing walls and lean-to potting sheds against S wall of N section. S-facing walls partly brick-lined. Segmental-arched polished sandstone principal gateway to E wall with long and short voussoirs and flanking wide, flat, triangular-topped buttresses to interior and exterior. 2-leaf timber-boarded gates. Later openings to N end of E wall.

POTTING SHEDS: random sandstone rubble with polished sandstone ashlar margins, eaves course, ashlar-coped skews and grey slate roofs.

Statement of Interest

A good example of an unusually extensive 18th century walled garden that informs the historical context of the Fairlie Estate despite now being in separate ownership to Fairlie House and the adjacent Fairlie Mains (both listed separately). The date 1776 is inscribed on one of the potting sheds. The taller section of wall behind these sheds, which is partially brick-lined, reflects the former position of a now demolished lean-to S-facing greenhouse on the opposite side, shown on 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey map (1894'6).

Robert Burns's father was employed here as a gardener and lived for a time in the one of the buildings of the U-shaped court adjoining the NE corner of the garden. The roofs of the potting sheds where he worked have largely collapsed.

Abutting the N end of the E wall is a domestic range that has windows opening into the garden. This would have been the head gardener's house and was built as part of a larger U-plan courtyard, of which the parallel range to the E and front wall on the former connecting N range still survive. These buildings are historically ancillary to the garden and form part of its setting.

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