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74 and 76 Hamilton Place, Including Gatepiers and Boundary Walls

A Category A Listed Building in Aberdeen, Aberdeen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 57.1476 / 57°8'51"N

Longitude: -2.1276 / 2°7'39"W

OS Eastings: 392375

OS Northings: 806307

OS Grid: NJ923063

Mapcode National: GBR S78.TJ

Mapcode Global: WH9QQ.9L2Y

Entry Name: 74 and 76 Hamilton Place, Including Gatepiers and Boundary Walls

Listing Date: 19 March 1984

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 355118

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB20338

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Aberdeen

County: Aberdeen

Town: Aberdeen

Electoral Ward: Hazlehead/Queens Cross/Countesswells

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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Description

Pirie and Clyne, 1887; John Morgan, builder. 2-storey and attic, 4-bay double villa with Egypto-Greek detailing. Rough-faced pink granite with grey granite bow windows, cills, lintels and parapet, finely finished to margins. Grey granite base course; ground floor cill course; pilastered panelled timber doors with letterbox fanlights; moulded cill course at 1st floor; continuous sunken fillet below lintels at 1st floor; grey granite lintel band course to 1st floor; parapet between pediments of principal elevation.

SE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: symmetrical; 4-bay, comprising 2 2-bay mirrored, semi-detached villas. Broad doorways to centre bays of ground floor, flanked by squat rough-faced pilasters below lintels, deep set doors with glazed panels flanking; single windows to 1st floor above, reveals waisted towards base; 3-light bowed windows through ground and 1st floors to bays to outer left and right, forming balcony to attic floor, pilastered mullions with sunken fillet at capital to 1st floor, pink granite navel paterae along parapets; pedimented attic floor flanked by 2 deep scrolls, window to each with decorative volutes below lintel, large decorative patera centred in pediment, decorative stone finial to apex, wallhead stack flanking gablets to inside; pink granite navel paterae to parapet between pediments.

NE ELEVATION: gabled; lean-to addition to right of ground floor.

NW ELEVATION: not seen 2000.

SW ELEVATION: gabled.

Predominantly 2-pane timber sash and case windows. Corniced gablehead and wallhead stacks with circular cans. Grey slate roof with lead ridge. Stone skews. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIORS: particularly fine interior to No 76. No 74: mouldings and doors survive; stair with decoratively turned balusters, scrolled brackets over hall. No 76: fine stained glass outer panels and inner door to porch, decorative tiled floor; dog-leg stair with distinctively turned balusters; mouldings and doors survive; decorative cornice to principal room at ground floor, panelling below dado, marble fireplace (originally in room above).

GATEPIERS AND BOUNDARY WALLS: low rough-faced pink granite Aberdeen bond walls to S with grey granite snecking and coping; gatepiers to left and right, shared with No 72 and Nos 78-80 Hamilton Place (see separate listings), grey granite shaft swept up from plinth, rough-faced pink granite neck surmounted by scrolled cap, rubble dividing walls to E and W.

Statement of Interest

A-Group with 63, 79, 62, 64-66, 68-70, 72, 78-80, 82-84, 86-88, 90-92, 94-96 and 98 Hamilton Place, Whitehill Bowling Green Wall and 87 Fountainhall Road (see separate listings). 74-76 Hamilton Place is part of J B Pirie (1851-1892) and Arthur Clyne's (1853-1924) finest terrace. It was built for John Morgan (b. 1841), an Aberdeen builder who specialised in high quality granite cutting and carving. Morgan was a close friend of Pirie, and was involved in much of the work undertaken by the partnership. The majority of Pirie and Clyne's houses on Hamilton Place follow the same formula: symmetrical double villas of mirrored plan, 2 gables or pediments to the attic, with a parapet running between. Although the houses follow the same composition, each pair is slightly different from the next, unified by the massing, masonry techniques and variations of the same decorative motifs. From the plans it would appear that the houses were designed in outline first, then details were added later. The navel-like paterae appear in the majority of the designs by the partnership. The paterae are probably a development of the sunflower (a favourite motif of the Aesthetic Movement) or daffodil. A variation of the patera is also a favourite motif of Alexander Thomson, who appears to have been a strong influence on Pirie in particular. The use of different colours of granite, as in 74-76 Hamilton Place, gives added interest to the decorative facades. The elaborate volutes flanking the attic windows are similar to waves. Many of Pirie's details appear to have a nautical theme, perhaps because his father was a sea-captain. The doorway flanked by squat pilasters are typical of Pirie and Clyne's domestic designs, seen specifically at Argyll Crescent and Argyll Place (see separate listings). Similarly squat columns are used by Alexander Thomson at the side entrance to St. Vincent Street Church, Glasgow, of 1857-8 (see separate listing). Of note also are the bowed windows, which were unusual at that time as canted bays were much cheaper (and is employed at some of the houses, perhaps for this reason). The bows are more than a semi-circle, another feature used by Alexander Thomson, which Pirie and Clyne may have seen at "Croyland" 202 Ayr Road Newton Mearns (1875) or at Holmwood, Cathcart (1857-8) (see separate listings), which was also illustrated in Blackie's Villa and Cottage Architecture. Despite the similarities with the work of Thomson, Pirie and Clyne's designs are also highly individual. Their buildings combine High Victorian gothic, Greek, Scots Baronial, Aesthetic Movement and even proto-Art Nouveau motifs.

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