History in Structure

22-24 Cockburn Street, Edinburgh

A Category B Listed Building in Edinburgh, Edinburgh

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Latitude: 55.9504 / 55°57'1"N

Longitude: -3.1898 / 3°11'23"W

OS Eastings: 325797

OS Northings: 673683

OS Grid: NT257736

Mapcode National: GBR 8PG.CF

Mapcode Global: WH6SL.ZP6P

Plus Code: 9C7RXR26+53

Entry Name: 22-24 Cockburn Street, Edinburgh

Listing Name: 22 and 24 Cockburn Street

Listing Date: 12 December 1974

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 370855

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB30088

Building Class: Cultural

ID on this website: 200370855

Location: Edinburgh

County: Edinburgh

Town: Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: City Centre

Traditional County: Midlothian

Tagged with: Architectural structure Art gallery

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Peddie and Kinnear, Architects, 1859-61. 3-storey and attic 3-bay symmetrical Baronial tenement with gallery to ground floor. Squared and snecked lightly stugged ashlar with polished dressings. Moulded string course between ground and 1st floors (linked to that of No 22 to right); stepped cill course to 2nd floor; shallow corbel table to attic. Windows in stop-chamfered surrounds. Stone-mullioned bipartite windows to centre bay. 3 gabled dormers to attic, that to centre larger, with finialled skews.

Modern plate glass front to gallery at ground floor; 4-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows.

Statement of Interest

A Group comprises 1-63 (Odd Nos) and 2-6 and 18-56 (Even Nos) Cockburn Street. Known briefly as Lord Cockburn Street, Cockburn Street was named after the doyen of conservationists, Lord Cockburn, who died in 1854. It was built by the High Street and Railway Station Access Company, under the Railway Station Acts of 1853 and 1860, to provide access to Waverley Station from the High Street. The serpentine curve of the street (anticipated in Thomas Hamilton's Victoria Street) gives a gradient of not more than 1:14; James Peddie and Henry J Wylie were the engineers. One of the aims of the design was to conceal the diagonal line of the street from Princes Street. A watercolour perspective drawing of the street by John Laing, published in THE BUILDER of 1860, shows how this was to be achieved. Stylistically, the intention was 'to preserve as far as possible the architectural style and antique character of the locality.' Peddie and Kinnear's Cockburn Street designs are an innovative adaptation (much imitated later) of the Scots Baronial style, previously used by Burn and Bryce in country houses, to the urban situation, with shops and tenements enlivened by crowstepped gables, corbelling and turrets.

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