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94 Grassmarket

A Category B Listed Building in Edinburgh, Edinburgh

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.948 / 55°56'52"N

Longitude: -3.1951 / 3°11'42"W

OS Eastings: 325463

OS Northings: 673413

OS Grid: NT254734

Mapcode National: GBR 8NH.99

Mapcode Global: WH6SL.WRQL

Entry Name: 94 Grassmarket

Listing Date: 12 December 1974

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 395264

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB47878

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Edinburgh

County: Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: City Centre

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

John Lessels, 1890, incorporating older fabric (see Notes). 3-storey and attic single bay tenement with finialled crowstepped gable and pend (Currie's Close)to left at ground floor. Bull-faced squared and snecked sandstone with polished dressings. Moulded cill courses to 1st and 2nd floors; moulded string course between ground and 1st floors and between 2nd floor and attic. Chamfered surrounds to windows. Mullioned and transomed 3-light oriel (MISSION HALL in gilded letters below window) with chamfered ogee-arched windows at 1st floor; hoodmoulded 3-light ogee-arched window with carved label stops and decorative motif over at 2nd floor; single ogee-arched window in gable above. Modern doors with leaded glazing to fanlights at ground.

Lying-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows. Graded grey slates.

Statement of Interest

Lessels' Mission Hall appears to incorporate part of an earlier pinkish rubble wall to right. The long rectangle of Grassmarket was already a suburb and a secondary market place by 1500. After the Battle of Flodden in 1513 the city walls were strengthened and the Grassmarket and Cowgate enclosed by the Flodden Wall. Agricultural produce was sold in the Grassmarket until well into the 20th century; old photographs show up-ended carts and the bars and hostels associated with the market. It was also a place of public execution.

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