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Cornhouse

A Category C Listed Building in North Isles, Orkney Islands

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Coordinates

Latitude: 59.3166 / 59°18'59"N

Longitude: -2.9694 / 2°58'9"W

OS Eastings: 344914

OS Northings: 1048205

OS Grid: HY449482

Mapcode National: GBR M413.DFL

Mapcode Global: XH8KG.M3N1

Entry Name: Cornhouse

Listing Date: 30 March 2001

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 395414

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB47994

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Westray

County: Orkney Islands

Electoral Ward: North Isles

Traditional County: Orkney

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Description

Late 18th-early 19th century. 2-storey, rectangular-plan barn. Forestair to E. Exposed rubble flags; alternate canted corner stones at quoins. Crowstepped gables.

N ELEVATION: central doorway.

E ELEVATION: forestair; doorway to right leads to ground floor barn door. 1st floor door above.

S ELEVATION: forestair to right; steps lead up to 1st floor. 2 blocked ground floor windows.

W ELEVATION: plain gable wall.

Blocked windows; no doors remain. Pitched stone slate roof. Gable apex stack to W.

INTERIOR: gutted interior. Replacement 1st floor timber floor. 1st floor not seen (2000).

Statement of Interest

An agricultural building with traditional crowstepped gables; Cornhouse may have been a grain store (as the name suggests). During the 1700's, bere and oats were exported from Westray (Fenton). A pier nearby (now gone) to the N of Cornhouse is depicted on the 1st Edition OS map, and the crop may have been stored here before being exported by boat. The Cornhouse also resembles a kelp store. Again, kelp stores are often found close to piers as the kelp was weighed and housed in the store before being transported by boat. The date of the barn is uncertain but, if it was originally a kelp store, it would probably have been built at the height of the kelp-making period (late 18th - early 19th century). The barn continues to be used for storage (2000).

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