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Byre, Cockpen Farm

A Category C Listed Building in Midlothian South, Midlothian

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Latitude: 55.8624 / 55°51'44"N

Longitude: -3.0774 / 3°4'38"W

OS Eastings: 332663

OS Northings: 663766

OS Grid: NT326637

Mapcode National: GBR 60YN.KB

Mapcode Global: WH6T1.PXR7

Plus Code: 9C7RVW6F+W2

Entry Name: Byre, Cockpen Farm

Listing Name: Cockpen Farm

Listing Date: 3 February 2004

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 397236

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB49645

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cockpen

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian South

Parish: Cockpen

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Farmhouse and farm buildings arranged around a cobbled farm yard. 19th century buildings, including 18th century and possibly earlier build (i.e. barns to E and W and cartshed and granary). Sandstone rubble.

Early to mid 19th century 3-bay, 2 storey farmhouse with contemporary lean-to. Later (?1870s) corniced, ashlar porch with panelled and margined door with fanlight (heightened later) and rear lean-to addition. Tooled rubble, droved ashlar to quoins and window surrounds. Unevenly placed windows to rear including 16 pane timber sash and case window with red sandstone surround (possibly re-used from elsewhere). 4-pane timber sash and case windows to front (S), 4-, 12- and 16 panes to rear. Pitched slate roof; rendered replacement stacks, stone skews.

Probably the earliest building on the farm is the 2-storey barn attached to the farmhouse to the west. Rubble walls; raised wallhead with small vaulted structure to S (possible fire/furnace?) and 3-bay, 2-storey cottage attached to N. Cottage has also been heightened including 2 dormer windows breaking eaves to front (W). Gable apex stone stacks to cottage, brick stack to S barn gable. Timber sash and case windows to cottage. Pitched slate roof to cottage, corrugated asbestos to barn.

Byre (currently stables, 2003) to N range of courtyard; tooled rubble, stone skews, pitched slate roof, later brick addition to part of S elevation. Threshing barn to W range incorporating early stonework including doorpiece. Stonework indicates 2 changes in roof height. Corrugated asbestos roof. Roofless cartshed and granary added to S gable of threshing barn, with cartshed and granary openings to S; relieving arches above doors in W elevation.

Stone rubble wall to front of W barn and cottage continues in front of farmhouse and southwards along entrance driveway.

Statement of Interest

Cockpen Farm is a neatly arranged and compact steading which probably underwent early improvements in the 18th century and again in the 19th century. The early stonework in the W range

indicates that this may have been a long, low range incorporating a barn, byre and the earliest farmhouse. Early stonework is also evident in the threshing barn and cartshed and granary. The current farmhouse is likely to have been a 19th century addition to the farm.

The 1861 plan of the farm depicts the steading complete with garden to the N of the stables, tree-lined boundaries to named fields with acreage, some of which still remain, a trackway leading westwards from the steading and a circular horse engine house (now gone, 2003) to the E of the threshing barn.

Cockpen House is referred to in the traditional song 'The Laird o'Cockpen'. The Laird was Mark Carse/Cass [H Meikle (Ed.) The Diary of Sir William Drummond of Hawthornden in Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, Vol 7 (1941) p.43]. Cockpen House was a mansion house which stood to the W of Cockpen Farm and was ruinous by 1792. Stone from Cockpen House could have been re-used in some of the farm buildings, or the farm may have served the house. The later 18th century tower (which is separately listed), stands in the field to the W of the farm and was most likely associated with Cockpen House.

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