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Hillside, Former Sunnyside Hospital, Away Team Cricket Pavilion

A Category C Listed Building in Montrose, Angus

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Latitude: 56.7449 / 56°44'41"N

Longitude: -2.4785 / 2°28'42"W

OS Eastings: 370829

OS Northings: 761578

OS Grid: NO708615

Mapcode National: GBR X4.Z30C

Mapcode Global: WH8RB.WQXM

Plus Code: 9C8VPGVC+XH

Entry Name: Hillside, Former Sunnyside Hospital, Away Team Cricket Pavilion

Listing Name: Hillside, Former Sunnyside Hospital, Away Team Cricket Pavilion

Listing Date: 12 June 2013

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 401657

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB52042

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Montrose

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Montrose and District

Parish: Montrose

Traditional County: Angus

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Early 20th century. Single storey, butterfly-plan, boarded timber cricket pavilion, comprising central hexagonal pavilion and pair of adjoining piended roofed storage huts. Gabled porch to N. Weatherboarding to huts. Porch with rustic timber supports, bargeboarding and slatted timber entrance door. Decorative finials. Square and pointed-arch window openings. Later, brick and rendered toilet block to rear.

Pavilion roof to central pavilion; piended roofs to outer huts. Red tiles to pavilion and porch; ridge tiles porch. Corrugated iron to huts. Boarded window openings.

INTERIOR: (seen 2012). Timber lined with timber bench around wall.

Statement of Interest

B-Group includes Sunnyside Main Building, Hospital Building, North Esk Villa, Garage and Former Fire Station, Booth House Former Nurses' Home, Carnegie House, Water Tank and Former Workshops, Summerhouse, Away Team Cricket Pavilion and Home Team Cricket Pavilion.

This a rare survival of a timber cricket pavilion, built to a butterfly plan and with some decorative detailing around the porch. It is one of two cricket pavilions on the hospital site, situated at diagonal ends of a grassy site. This pavilion was for the use of the away team and differs from the Home Team pavilion in plan form and also has the addition of a decorative porch. It is a significant addition to the wider Sunnyside complex.

Sunnyside Asylum developed in the 19th century as a replacement for the first lunatic asylum in Scotland at Montrose. The hospital consists of a related group of buildings, informally set in a semi-parkland setting on a hillside overlooking Montrose. The site is significant in remaining largely intact and retaining the integrity of a self-contained psychiatric hospital.

Patients at the hospital were encouraged to take part in outdoor activities and a variety of sports facilities were provided in the grounds, including a large grassy area for cricket and football, tennis courts, a curling pond and a bowling green.

Sunnyside Hospital opened in 1857 and was constructed to replace the former Montrose Lunatic Asylum, established in Montrose in 1781. This was the first hospital in Scotland to care for the mentally ill and was founded by Susan Carnegie, who hoped that if the patients were given good treatment and medical aid, they may be able to return to society. The marble tablet from the opening of this original building is situated in the current asylum. In 1855, the Scottish Lunacy Commission was appointed and condemned the Montrose building as being unsuitable. It was agreed to build a new asylum and a site to the north of Montrose, at Sunnyside Farm was chosen. The architect William Lambie Moffat, who was working in Doncaster, designed this new building (see separate listing). Originally the building formed a double courtyard plan, but as the numbers of patients increased, the building was extended to the rear in 1877 with the addition of a new recreation hall, dining room and kitchen.

Sunnyside Hospital continued to develop during the latter part of the 19th century and the early 20th century, as patients continued to increase in numbers. A hospital building was added in 1888 (see separate listing) to care for patients who had both medical and psychiatric conditions. Carnegie House (see separate listing) was constructed in 1896 to provide accommodation for private patients. This was set slightly apart from the main building to the north and the patients had their own garden for recreational use. Other buildings were gradually added to the site, including three villas, workshops and a chapel. The gradual development of the site is important in demonstrating the change in ideas over the century in the care of the mentally ill. When the lease of Sunnyside farm expired in 1911 another 52 further acres were purchased for the use of the community. Over the course of the 20th century, the patients and staff became involved in a number of activities within the complex including gardening and farming. A separate nurses' home was built in the 1930s (see separate listing).

The site ceased to be used as a hospital in 2012.

Listed following a review of the former Sunnyside Hospital site, (2012-13).

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