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Great Exhibition Lump of Coal at Bedwellty Park

A Grade II Listed Building in Tredegar, Blaenau Gwent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7692 / 51°46'8"N

Longitude: -3.2444 / 3°14'39"W

OS Eastings: 314230

OS Northings: 208563

OS Grid: SO142085

Mapcode National: GBR YW.ZMW6

Mapcode Global: VH6CT.QS6M

Entry Name: Great Exhibition Lump of Coal at Bedwellty Park

Listing Date: 21 August 1992

Last Amended: 14 October 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1879

Building Class: Commemorative

Location: Bedwellty Park is located on the S side of Tredegar town centre. The lump of coal is set underneath a shelter building above the duckponds W of Bedwellty House.

County: Blaenau Gwent

Community: Tredegar

Community: Tredegar

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Find accommodation in
Tredegar

History

Celebrated lump of coal cut as a special exercise to form a monument at the 1851 Great Exhibition. It was cut at the yard level (on the site of the bus station) by the expert collier John Jones, alias ‘Collier Mawr’. Jones cut a block weighing twenty tons (20.32 tonnes), but a five-ton (5.08 tonnes) piece broke away during transportation. Despite its reduced size, it is still reputed to be the largest block of coal ever cut. Owing to the difficulties of transportation, it was decided that it would not survive the journey to Crystal Palace, and it was set up in the grounds of Bedwellty House, the home of the Homfray family, who owned both the Tredegar Ironworks and the Yard Level. A block of two tons (2.03 tonnes) was cut from the same seam 100 years later for the Festival of Britain, and this was subsequently also placed at Bedwellty Park.

Exterior

Block of coal approximately five feet (1.52 metres) by four feet (1.22 metres) and thirteen feet (3.96 metres) long, bound by a large wrought-iron band. The block stands on an elongated dram with eight wheels, on a specially-laid short length of plateway. The steel and perspex shelter was placed overhead in 1992 to protect the coal from the weather. The smaller block dating from 1951 stands next to the large block, also bound with iron bands, and under cover.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a unique monument to the coal industry in South Wales and to the skill of South Wales miners.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Ice House to NW of Bedwellty House
    Bedwellty House is located towards E side of Bedwellty Park, a large public park on the S side of Tredegar town centre. Ice House set above the service courtyard to NW of house, built into steep bank
  • II Bedwellty House
    Located towards E side of Bedwellty Park, a large public park on the S side of Tredegar town centre.
  • II Boundary Stone at Bedwellty House
    Bedwellty House is located towards E side of Bedwellty Park, a large public park on the S side of Tredegar town centre. Boundary Stone (not in original location) set in flower border on E side of hou
  • II Bandstand at Bedwellty Park
    Bedwellty Park is located on the S side of Tredegar town centre. The bandstand stands prominently SW of Bedwellty House.
  • II War Memorial at Bedwellty Park
    Bedwellty Park is located on the S side of Tredegar town centre. The War Memorial stands near the eastern boundary of the park, facing The Promenade.
  • II Former Tredegar Company Shop
    Near corner with Bridge Street.
  • II N.C.B. Club
    Building occupies SW quadrant of the Circle, in the town centre.
  • II* The Town Clock
    Very Prominently located in the centre of The Circle.

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