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Church of St Cybi

A Grade II* Listed Building in Pwllheli, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9449 / 52°56'41"N

Longitude: -4.3401 / 4°20'24"W

OS Eastings: 242856

OS Northings: 341171

OS Grid: SH428411

Mapcode National: GBR 5F.LG66

Mapcode Global: WH44C.97JR

Plus Code: 9C4QWMV5+WW

Entry Name: Church of St Cybi

Listing Date: 19 October 1971

Last Amended: 31 March 1999

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4342

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: The parish church stands in its churchyard at the centre of the village.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Pwllheli

Community: Llanystumdwy

Community: Llanystumdwy

Locality: Llangybi

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Llangybi

History

The church is dedicated to the C6 Cornish saint, Cybi, believed to be an early missionary in these parts, and who is said to have struck a stone nearby causing the effusion of waters that became one of the most famous healing wells of Wales. The first incumbent was Llewelyn ap Rhys, in 1395. The nave is medieval, with late C15 chancel. The church was restored in 1879. Modern porch.

Exterior

Built of rubble stonework, with a graded slate roof between coped gable ends. A single cell structure with a C19 open gabled S porch, with thick copings and a terminal floriated cross. Tall bellcote at the W end, and a C19 ashlar chimney stack to the vestry. Small single, double and 3-light C19 windows with square heads and cusped tracery to both sides, and a Perpendicular 3-light E window with panel tracery, the mullions renewed. A rectangular blocked opening at the junction of nave and chancel on the N side. The W door has a roughly formed rubble arch and a horizontal drip over.

The churchyard contains the grave of Daffy Owen, (Dew Wen o Elfin) a local poet, one of a number of bards of the area which flourished in the early C19.

Interior

A simple interior of one cell, a nave of 6 roof bays, having two late medieval arch-braced trusses at the E end, the upper parts of which were once cusped. The other 5 trusses are probably of the C19 restoration. Exposed rafters. The walls are plastered, some wall paintings having been recorded but are not now visible, and the church has red and black quarry tiles on the exposed floor areas. The E end is raised by one step.

Fittings: Pulpit of pine, C19, an octagon with 3 approach steps. Font a simple octagonal limestone bowl remounted in the C19. Communion rail of paired columns and a simple rail. The Altar is a table of the C18 or early C19 with stretchers. A free-standing elaborately carved aumbrey cupboard on a bracketed stand. C19 pine pews.

Monuments: On the N wall, from the W, (a) an oak classical aedicule carved and painted by Jonah Jones, with an eagle on a wreath mounted over a pediment, to John Clough Williams-Ellis (Sion Pentyrch] of Glasfryn and Brondanw, tutor of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and rector of Gayton, Northants, d.1913, the monument probably designed by his architect son, Clough Williams-Ellis; (b) Gabled white marble tablet on slate, by Seddon of Liverpool, to John Lloyd of Trallwyn, d.1855. On the S wall (c) an alabaster aedicule with a wreath arch on fluted pilasters, to Roger Williams-Ellis, RWF, d.1900 at Krugersdorp aged 19. (c) White marble corniced tablet on slate, to Owen Rowland of Ynys-Legi, d.1927 and wife.

Misc: a poor box set into the rear pew, an octagonal hollowed-out post with a hinged lid, probably of the C17.

Reasons for Listing

Included at Grade II* as a well preserved largely medieval church at the centre of the nucleated village of Llangybi, and one retaining a number of features of interest internally.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Lychgate and Churchyard Wall to the Church of St Cybi
    The churchyard surrounds the church in the centre of Llangybi village. The lychgate is at the W end.
  • II Ty'n-y-porth
    The house lies along the street frontage opposite the church of St Cybi, at the centre of the village.
  • II Castell
    The cottage is set back from the road, S of the church and to the E of Ty'n-y-porth.
  • II Fronheulog
    Fronheulog is a short row of two cottages immediately SW of the church, behind Bryn Aber and backing on to the graveyard extension.
  • II Cottage and Outbuilding, adjoining Fronheulog
    The short row of cottages stands immediately W of the church and behind Bryn Aber, with the graveyard extension to the rear.
  • II Elusendai Price (Bryncastell, Berth-lwyd, Daron, Ty-Newydd and Hen Ysgoldy)
    The almshouses lie 100m E of the church within the nucleated centre of Llangybi.
  • I Ffynnon Cybi and associated works
    The well lies in the narrow valley below the slopes of Garn Bentyrch, and is reached by a footpath from the NE corner of the churchyard, crossing two fields, the second by a causeway.
  • II Ty-Hir
    The large farmhouse stands end on to the road, and facing S, on the road which runs NE of Llanarmon village in the direction of Rhosgyll.

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