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Church of St Michael

A Grade II* Listed Building in Llanfihangel-y-Pennant, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.6612 / 52°39'40"N

Longitude: -3.9658 / 3°57'56"W

OS Eastings: 267144

OS Northings: 308865

OS Grid: SH671088

Mapcode National: GBR 8X.5J6S

Mapcode Global: WH571.1CTQ

Entry Name: Church of St Michael

Listing Date: 17 June 1966

Last Amended: 10 April 2000

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4747

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: The parish church stands on the valley floor of the upper Dysynni valley, within its own sub-oval churchyard.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Tywyn

Community: Llanfihangel-y-Pennant

Community: Llanfihangel-y-Pennant

Traditional County: Merionethshire

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Llanfihangel-y-Pennant

History

The banked oval churchyard suggests the church has a Celtic origin, although another early church appears to have existed at Ffridd Ty-n-y-fach to the N. The present building was probably first erected in the C12, and altered at various times throughout the medieval period, including a probable lengthening of the chancel, and the addition of a transeptual chapel in the late C15 or early C16. In the late medieval period it had a chantry chapel and priest. An undistinguished screen was present in 1914. The church was restored in 1871. William Owen-Pughe, the famous Welsh scholar and lexicographer was born in the parish, and the church is noted for its association with the devoted child Mary Jones.

Exterior

The long, low building is built of rubble stone with a slate roof between raised gables. It consists of an undifferentiated nave and chancel, with an added N transeptual chapel, and a small S porch. A small gabled bellcote stands on the W wall with a bell of 1746. The shallow porch is gabled, and has an outer open arch extended back to the church wall as a whitewashed barrel vault. The chapel is built of larger rubble, with a coped N gable. The tall N door opening is probably C17 or C18; a voussoired segmental arch with chamfered arrises and hood moulding, the door boarded and with diagonal boarding above. On the E wall, a 2-light C16 window, with sunk triangular spandrels. The nave has 3 windows on the S side; late C16-C17 voussoired segmental heads, probably contemporary with the N chapel doorway, each with 'long and short' stone jambs, and glazed with diamond leaded glass. On the N side, a narrow rectangular window towards the W, and a window as on the S side angled at the junction with the chapel. The Gothic style E window is of c1871, 3-lights with a quatrefoil head and hood mould. Set in S corner of the E wall, an inscribed tablet relating to the adjoining table tomb.

Interior

The nave is of 7 roof bays, mostly C19 arch-braced collar beam trusses with apex raking struts, probably a loose interpretation of the C15 trusses and incorporating some original timbers, although the W truss appears to be largely original. Two tiers of purlins. The E bay is underdrawn by a boarded vault. Plastered walls and boarded dado, higher around the chancel. Central quarry-tiled aisle leading to a step up into the chancel, and a further step into the sanctuary, which has a more decorative encaustic tiled floor. The N chapel, now the vestry, retains its original C15-early C16 arch-braced collar beam roof of 3 bays, supporting 2 tiers of purlins, and having small cusped windbraces. Slate floor raised one step above the nave.

Fittings: font, C12, a lobed square bowl set on a shaft on a similarly lobed base. Pulpit, reading desk and other fittings of 1871, including the simple communion rail.

Glass: E window, Christ flanked by St Michael and St Gabriel, 1869, a memorial to Edward Owen Pughe.

Monuments: on the E wall, to the right of the altar, a fine slate panel with moulded sides and cornice arched at the centre, carrying a demi-relief urn, to Anne Owen, wife of Hugh Owen, d.1728, the inscription in Latin. By the entrance door, a C18 tablet to remember the poor.

Furniture: a small late C17 or early C18 table of oak, the front legs turned, probably the original communion table. The vestry has a large and remarkable fabric and stitchwork relief map of the Bro Dysynni, made 1992-1995.

Reasons for Listing

Included at grade II* as a well preserved simple country church retaining medieval fabric, including a good font; unusual post-medieval features including fenestration, all conservatively restored to retained its simple character. The church also contains a fine C18 monument. .

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Graveyard monument at the Church of St Michael
    The monument stands within the graveyard, at the SE corner of the chancel of the Church of St Michael.
  • II Lychgate to the Church of St Michael
    The parish church stands on the valley floor, within a sub-oval banked and walled churchyard. The lychgate is set in the wall on the E quadrant of the wall.
  • II Churchyard wall at the Church of St Michael
    The church of St Michael stands near the head of the Dysynni valley, in the middle of the graveyard which is encircled by the wall.
  • II Cottage E of the Church of St Michael
    The cottage stands beside the road, facing the E end of the chancel.
  • II SW Farm Building at Ty'n-y-fach
    Ty'n-y-fach farm stands some 60m NNE of the Church of St Michael. The SW farm building is the westerly of two farm buildings set in line and parallel to Old Ty'n-y-fach farmhouse.
  • II Granary at Ty'n-y-fach
    Ty'n-y-fach farm lies c65m N of Llanfihangel church. The farmyard to the rear is defined by two parallel farmyard buildings set in line, and the granary at right angles on the SW side.
  • II Old Ty'n-y-fach
    The farmhouse lies c65m to the N of the church, in the hamlet of Llanfihangel-y-Pennant, facing NW over the Afon Cadair.
  • II Pont Pennant, or Pont Ty'n-y-fach
    The bridge carries the road running N from Llanfihangel over the Afon Cadair to the upper stretch of the valley.

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