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Cae'r March

A Grade II* Listed Building in Dolgellau, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7798 / 52°46'47"N

Longitude: -3.8378 / 3°50'16"W

OS Eastings: 276134

OS Northings: 321832

OS Grid: SH761218

Mapcode National: GBR 62.XXY9

Mapcode Global: WH67N.0DR8

Plus Code: 9C4RQ5H6+WV

Entry Name: Cae'r March

Listing Date: 20 March 1975

Last Amended: 26 May 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 5188

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated in a marshy hollow approximately 1km SE of Llanfachreth village and 250m S of the Careg Fawr; accessed via a long, winding wooded track from an upper lane to the E.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Brithdir and Llanfachreth (Brithdir a Llanfachreth)

Community: Brithdir and Llanfachreth

Locality: Llanfachreth

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Find accommodation in
Llanfachreth

History

Early Medieval site, formerly part-moated. Of several periods, the primary block, now used for storage, is a late Medieval 2-unit, 3-bay open hall, probably last quarter C15. This was sub-divided and provided with a lateral chimney in the second half C16. During these alterations the wall plate to the chimney wall was removed during rebuilding. The retained arched-braced central hall truss had therefore to be built-up on the chimney side to compensate for the lacking wall plate. This N side was further supported by a decorative wall post carried on a stone corbel, thereby creating a false hammerbeam. During this intervention alterations were also made to the dais partition screen which does not relate comfortably with its associated truss in its present form. Long used as a byre/storage, the lateral chimney was removed in the later C19 when the W gable-end was also partly rebuilt.

The present domestic range, attached at right-angles with the hall block, is probably a late C17 addition, though this was substantally altered in the later C19 and all diagnostic detail from this phase has been lost or obscured.

Exterior

The primary range is a tall gabled block of rubble with a renewed medium/steep pitched roof; it is partly built onto rock. The N side has an entrance to the L with boarded door. Central entrance with stable doors in the position formerly occupied by the lateral chimney, with evidence of a probable primary entrance to R provided by disturbed masonry in this position. Blocked opening to the rear (S side). Upper window with boarded shutter to W gable and beneath a blocked C16 (?) one; this gable repaired C19. Attached to the E gable, a single-storey cart-house lean-to of rubble and slate, probably later C18. Depressed-arched cart entrance to N with C20 doors; square unglazed light above. C19 Ty bach extension to E.

The later cross-range has a third-quarter C19 appearence. Rubble and slate construction as before with a boulder plinth to the S gable end. Plain end chimneys with simple capping and weather-coursing. Near-symmetrical main (E) front with off-centre entrance (to L) with boarded door and door-light. Flanking 6-pane sash windows and three 4-pane sashes to the first floor, that to the centre smaller. Further entrance and similar flanking windows to rear.

Interior

3-bay primary range with the 2 western bays forming the original open hall. This with chamfered arched-braced collar truss, the S side of which is supported on a later corbelled wall post (see above). Original round-arched entrance to the N wall in the NE corner; large oak lintel. Plain framed truss at former dais end (between bays 1 and 2) with collar, tie-beam and queen struts, and full-length wall posts. Post-and-panel screen with later double-ogee-headed openings with boarded doors; that to the R is detached and the door head is partly missing. That to the L retains its crude latch mechanism and has inner oak hinge blocks; early graffiti and some decorative studding to the door. Plain gable-end collar and tie beam trusses; chamfered trenched purlins to N side though curiously, no evidence of windbraces. The S side has the gable wall and connecting roof section of the cross-wing added above the wall plate. The 2 outer bays retain later C16 flooring with wide stopped-chamfered beams and similar joists; those to the central bay have been removed. Access to this through an entrance created in the former fireplace; a surviving section of the large chamfered bressummer now forms the door lintel. Early flagged floor (much worn) to hall with a surviving section of beaten earth and mortar to the E floor area. Rough cobbled floor to secondary room beyond the partition.

Plain C19 interiors to the later range.

Reasons for Listing

Included at Grade II* as a late Medieval hall with good survivinglater C16 detail.

Reference: P. Smith, Houses of the Welsh Countryside, 1988, figs.90b & 95.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Barn at Cae'r March
    Immediately to the W of Cae'r March.
  • II Careg Fawr (Arch)
    Spanning an unclassified road leading S from Llanfachreth village towards the A 494; approximately 2km from Llanfachreth village.
  • II Bryn Blew
    Situated on an elevated site some 750m SE of Llanfachreth village and about 200m NE of the Careg Fawr crossroads; accessed via a farm track.
  • II Ty'n-y-Llwyn
    Located on the roadside to the SW of a lane leading from Llanfachreth village to the Careg Fawr; about 750m from the village centre.
  • II Gallt-y-Carw
    Located approximately 1km SE of Llanfachreth village, to the W of the Careg Fawr lane; accessed via a short track from the road.
  • II Gelli
    Located about 1km SE of Llanfachreth immediately to the E of the Llanfachreth-Dolgellau; set back slightly in a garden.
  • II Adjoining Graveyard Walls to the NE of Bethel Chapel
    Located immediately opposite the Bethel chapel and former minister's house with its SE side facing the Afon y Llan. The graveyard adjoins to the NE.
  • II Former Stable Block at Bethel Chapel
    Located immediately opposite the Bethel chapel and former minister's house with its SE side facing the Afon y Llan. The graveyard adjoins to the NE.

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