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Middle Maestorglwydd Barn

A Grade II* Listed Building in Llanigon, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0296 / 52°1'46"N

Longitude: -3.1471 / 3°8'49"W

OS Eastings: 321401

OS Northings: 237419

OS Grid: SO214374

Mapcode National: GBR F0.G80K

Mapcode Global: VH6BQ.D7MY

Entry Name: Middle Maestorglwydd Barn

Listing Date: 19 November 1963

Last Amended: 20 June 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 6613

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: The barn stands adjacent and at an angle to the lane, some 250 metres NNE of Middle Maestorglwydd.

County: Powys

Community: Llanigon

Community: Llanigon

Traditional County: Brecknockshire

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Llanigon

History

The barn originated as a house of good status probably in the second half of C15. Although it has some features relating to the long-house, these probably indicate its transitional nature rather than betoken its origins. The outer walls were rebuilt in stone during C16, and these remain largely intact with their fine arched doorway and the frames of their windows. The remarkable degree of preservation results from its having ceased use as a dwelling at an early date, perhaps in the 2nd quarter of C17 when the present Middle Maestorglwydd farmhouse was built; the architectural quality of this is sufficient to explain why the old house was not brought up to date in the usual manner: this has never happened and it subsequently became a barn and byre, large doors being inserted.

Exterior

Stone roughly coursed and squared, roofed corrugated asbestos and metal. S: inserted barn doors, renewed, under shingled rooflet; to W, C16 plain oak doorframe, timber lintel, stone label; to E, stone window opening, C16?, under stone lintel; E end: roof half-hipped, C16 window above eaves originally 4-light, timber lintel, and stone label full width of stonework; 2-hole dovecote. N: Inserted barn doors, old oak frame; to E C16 light, recessed chamfered oak frame, timber lintel, formerly 2-light; to W, blocked C16 door with neatly-coursed 2-centred arch, stone label and C16 window, much as last. W end rebuilt C18/19 with slit vent.

Interior

4 bays of cruck-construction, end trusses embedded in gables; pairs curved lower windbraces, 2 missing in W bay; rafters and purlins generally survive; crucks have spur-ties for timber-framed wallplates. E intermediate truss, cusped arch-braces to collar, infill missing, head-beam for canopy below. Central open truss to hall has chamfered archbraces to collar, trefoils above, W cruck split and partly missing. Lowest bay has original upper floor joists and doorway lacking head in intermediate truss.

Reasons for Listing

Graded II* as an important early house which has been much less altered than most of its date, and is a remarkable survival.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Middle Maestorglwydd House
    The house stands set back from the lane and at an angle to it, roughly opposite traditional farm buildings and attached to another.
  • II Upper Maestorglwydd Farmhouse
    The house stands adjacent to a small group of farm buildings at the top end of a private track.
  • II Wainhouse at Lower Maertorglwydd
    The wainhouse stands on the edge of the farm buildings and is separated from the others to W by the lane.
  • II Barn at Lower Maestorglwydd
    The barn stands within the group of farm buildings; if forms an L-shape with the listed cowshed and has a later single-storey stone shed against its N end.
  • II Cowshed at Lower Maestorglwydd
    The cowshed stands detached from the house and at one end of it.
  • II Lower Maestorglwydd
    Llanigon
  • II Wenallt-Uchaf
    The house stands high on the Wenallt at the top of a long track, partly private, overlooking a valley.
  • II Cefn Farmhouse
    Located behind farmbuildings, on the NW facing slope of the hill rising on to Common bychan. The house is attached to other farm buildings, at the upper end of a small rectangular farmyard.

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