History in Structure

Old Bethel Chapel

A Grade II* Listed Building in Cwmamman (Cwmaman), Carmarthenshire

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Latitude: 51.8126 / 51°48'45"N

Longitude: -3.914 / 3°54'50"W

OS Eastings: 268151

OS Northings: 214400

OS Grid: SN681144

Mapcode National: GBR DZ.WXG4

Mapcode Global: VH4JC.3PNS

Plus Code: 9C3RR37P+39

Entry Name: Old Bethel Chapel

Listing Date: 3 September 1991

Last Amended: 9 January 1998

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 11168

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Also known as: Hen Fethel
Yr Hên Dy Cwrdd
Hên Bethel

ID on this website: 300011168

Location: Located on a remote upland plateau on the N side of the Amman Valley approximately 1 km from the A474. Reached along short lane off mountain road at the lower end of a walled and gated burial ground.

County: Carmarthenshire

Town: Ammanford

Community: Cwmamman (Cwmaman)

Community: Cwmamman

Locality: Garnant

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Tagged with: Chapel

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Built as an Independent Chapel and historically important in the spread of Nonconformism in the area, associated with the Methodist Minister Peter Williams. Although dated 1773, the present building was largely rebuilt in 1825.


Whitewashed rubble stone with slate roof. Facade on long wall, S facing. Simple, balanced front with pair of pointed-arched windows in centre with doorways left and right and smaller pointed-arched windows to gallery stairs at either end. Windows have wooden glazing bars, Y-tracery heads with small panes below (centre lights 18-panes and gallery stairs 9-panes) and stone voussoirs, painted stone sills and external shutters. Doorways have flat-arched stone voussoirs, plank doors. Small plaque on upper wall, incised in vernacular style, reads: 'This Bethel was built 1773'. Gable ends plain. Back wall has centre projecting stone stack with stepped offsets.


Fine C18 interior of great simplicity. Pulpit between entry doors on long side and raked gallery on three sides opposite. Stone flagged floor. Flat whitewashed ceiling of six bays, with soffits of tie beams visible. Gallery carried on cast-iron columns and later supports which replace original timber piers (one of which survives); stairs at either end, simple wooden balustrade, stick balusters and clock inset in panel opposite pulpit. Centre double block, and two side blocks of box-style pews to ground floor, some with fielded panels and simply curved bench ends. Gallery has plain raked box seats with open backs, and a top rail with inset candleholders. Hexagonal pulpit drum and stem, rising from wooden base shaft, with big seat in box pew to left and deacons' benches in front. Fireplace opposite pulpit on long wall has raised iron fire-basket set in flush whitewashed brick surround.

Reasons for Listing

Listed and graded II* as an exceptionally well-preserved early C19 Welsh chapel. A very rare example in the region that retains its contemporary furnishings, and has one of the last early C19 interiors to survive unaltered in SW Wales.

External Links

External links are from the relevant listing authority and, where applicable, Wikidata. Wikidata IDs may be related buildings as well as this specific building. If you want to add or update a link, you will need to do so by editing the Wikidata entry.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Ty-llwyd Farmhouse
    Farmstead in open countryside on the north side of the Amman valley, approached along a rough track some 400m long, on the N side of Folland Road
  • II* Capel Brynseion
    Situated in the centre of Glanamman some 25m S of A474 on the E side of High Street.
  • II Capel Bethania
    Situated some 50m S of A474 on the E side of Brynlloi Road, enclosed by a coped stone boundary wall with iron railings and gates.
  • II The Vicarage
    Detached house situated some 50m NW of Christ Church at Twyn, Garnant.
  • II Monument to Mollie Davies at Christ Church
    Situated some 10m N of the porch of Christ Church at Garnant.
  • II Christ Church
    Situated some 400m N of A474, on N side of river Amman, in a secluded cul de sac at SE end of Vicarage road.
  • II Jims Barber Shop and 207
    Sited on A474 close to W of junction with New School Road; formerly adjoined the E bank of Nant Main (now in culvert).

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