This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.
Latitude: 51.6409 / 51°38'27"N
Longitude: -3.4454 / 3°26'43"W
OS Eastings: 300075
OS Northings: 194552
OS Grid: ST000945
Mapcode National: GBR HL.7S2Y
Mapcode Global: VH6DH.70DY
Plus Code: 9C3RJHR3+8R
Entry Name: Wellhouse to Ffynnon Fair
Listing Date: 20 June 1963
Last Amended: 31 January 1997
Source ID: 13113
Building Class: Water Supply and Drainage
Location: High on the E slope of the Rhondda valley above Llwynypia and just SW of Penrhys modern estate.
County: Rhondda Cynon Taff
Traditional County: Glamorgan
Penrhys is the hilltop site of a medieval Cistercian monastic settlement, a manor or grange belonging to the Abbey of Llantarnam including a statue and shrine to the Virgin Mary: a small part of the late medieval chapel survives adjacent to a large white statue of the Virgin. Set into the hillside a little to SW is a probably medieval wellhouse over the spring which is also dedicated to St Mary; restored early 1920s. Both spring and statue were reputed to have miraculous healing powers, were celebrated in late medieval verse and were the focus of pilgrimages suppressed at the Reformation; these have been revived in C20. The spring is marked as sulphurous on OS maps and its water was also reputedly used for baptisms at the parish church
Small single cell rectangular gabled building of stone rubble with stepped stone roof. W wall has a single lancet and a small culvert where spring overflows through wall into a square basin with cross depression at its base; S wall has a square headed doorway with painted inscription over 'Little Church'; E wall has a high raised gable with rough saddle back coping and apex stone surmounted by a concrete cross. The building stands within an enclosure of iron railings now partly broken and on a stone terrace.
Whitewashed walls and vaulted roof; well cistern at west end; stone benches round walls on 3 sides; N wall niche may have contained statue of St Mary.
Listed as a surviving small medieval building and for its historical importance as the focus of medieval pilgrimages in South Wales and for its literary interest.
Other nearby listed buildings