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Wellhouse to Ffynnon Fair

A Grade II Listed Building in Llwyn-y-pia, Rhondda Cynon Taff

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6409 / 51°38'27"N

Longitude: -3.4454 / 3°26'43"W

OS Eastings: 300075

OS Northings: 194552

OS Grid: ST000945

Mapcode National: GBR HL.7S2Y

Mapcode Global: VH6DH.70DY

Plus Code: 9C3RJHR3+8R

Entry Name: Wellhouse to Ffynnon Fair

Listing Date: 20 June 1963

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13113

Building Class: Water Supply and Drainage

Location: High on the E slope of the Rhondda valley above Llwynypia and just SW of Penrhys modern estate.

County: Rhondda Cynon Taff

Town: Tonypandy

Community: Llwyn-y-pia

Community: Llwyn-y-Pia

Locality: Llwynypia

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Llwyn-y-pia

History

Penrhys is the hilltop site of a medieval Cistercian monastic settlement, a manor or grange belonging to the Abbey of Llantarnam including a statue and shrine to the Virgin Mary: a small part of the late medieval chapel survives adjacent to a large white statue of the Virgin. Set into the hillside a little to SW is a probably medieval wellhouse over the spring which is also dedicated to St Mary; restored early 1920s. Both spring and statue were reputed to have miraculous healing powers, were celebrated in late medieval verse and were the focus of pilgrimages suppressed at the Reformation; these have been revived in C20. The spring is marked as sulphurous on OS maps and its water was also reputedly used for baptisms at the parish church

Exterior

Small single cell rectangular gabled building of stone rubble with stepped stone roof. W wall has a single lancet and a small culvert where spring overflows through wall into a square basin with cross depression at its base; S wall has a square headed doorway with painted inscription over 'Little Church'; E wall has a high raised gable with rough saddle back coping and apex stone surmounted by a concrete cross. The building stands within an enclosure of iron railings now partly broken and on a stone terrace.

Interior

Whitewashed walls and vaulted roof; well cistern at west end; stone benches round walls on 3 sides; N wall niche may have contained statue of St Mary.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a surviving small medieval building and for its historical importance as the focus of medieval pilgrimages in South Wales and for its literary interest.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tyntyla Farmhouse
    Sited high above mountain road from Ystrad to Rhondda Fach. Platform site set into hillside with agricultural range attached to downhill gable of farmhouse.
  • II The Star PH
    In a very prominent position at the junction of the main Valley thoroughfare and the mountain road to the Rhondda Fach via Penrhys in the locality of Gellidawel.
  • II Welfare Hall
    On the main Rhondda Fach thoroughfare near the centre of the community.
  • II Former Engine House at Llwynypia Colliery Site
    Situated near the valley bottom on the west side of the River Rhondda north of the town of Tonypandy, between the old thoroughfare of Llwynypia Road to W and the new by-pass to E.
  • II Statue of Sir Archibald Hood
    Situated above the main road through Tonypandy and just N of the boundary between the Tonypandy and Llwynypia communities on a terrace created in front of the Miners' Institute, now demolished, on Ins

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