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Former Engine House at Llwynypia Colliery Site

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhondda, Rhondda Cynon Taff

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6293 / 51°37'45"N

Longitude: -3.4553 / 3°27'19"W

OS Eastings: 299362

OS Northings: 193278

OS Grid: SS993932

Mapcode National: GBR HK.8HLK

Mapcode Global: VH6DH.294T

Plus Code: 9C3RJGHV+PV

Entry Name: Former Engine House at Llwynypia Colliery Site

Listing Date: 2 January 1991

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13125

Building Class: Industrial

Location: Situated near the valley bottom on the west side of the River Rhondda north of the town of Tonypandy, between the old thoroughfare of Llwynypia Road to W and the new by-pass to E.

County: Rhondda Cynon Taff

Town: Tonypandy

Community: Llwyn-y-pia

Community: Llwyn-y-Pia

Locality: Llwynypia

Built-Up Area: Rhondda

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Llwyn-y-pia

History

First pit sunk here 1863. The area was occupied both by Llwynypia Colliery (also known as Glamorgan Colliery or The Scotch in honour of its founder), and by brickworks, coke-ovens, small scale limekilns, a saw mill and a gravel pit. It was the focus of the early industrial development in this part of the mid-Rhondda under Sir Archibald Hood. This large engine house was built 1905. OS map 1920 shows railway running close to S and W sides.

Exterior

Built of yellow and red brick in English bond, with stone and concrete dressings under a Welsh slate roof with separately slated long pitched ventilator. 2 storeys and basement, 8 bays in length and 4 in width. Side elevations have 4 stepped eaves courses over round arched first floor windows with brick voussoirs and fixed iron frames for 24 panes though no glass remains; these are separated by shallow pilaster buttresses with offsets of 4 courses of red moulded brick. Ground floor is itself offset with courses of moulded brick, with similar courses to plinth and has round arched openings all now filled in. W side has one blank bay NW and a single storey flat-roofed brick extension at basement level.

Main gable end is S with oculus in gable, date stone 'AD 1905,' apparently stone kneelers and concrete coping with 3 round headed iron framed windows at first floor level and 2 at ground floor, these latter for 40 panes on either side of central doorway which is now blocked and has an arched ring to recessed fanlight; small additional round arched opening to right; deep plinth with 2 courses of moulded brick. N elevation is similar: metal glazing bars but no glass to oculus; 4 round arched windows to first floor, 3 partially or wholly blocked and one with metal glazing bars; at ground floor 4 blocked windows and 2 blocked doors; nearly intact raised gablet of brick and concrete - only vestigial to S ; attached are the remains of a later steel and concrete addition.

Interior

Building is blocked up; interior recorded in 1989 as having wide, steel trussed roof; longitudinal metal girders on pilasters supporting full-width, bow-trussed travelling crane with embossed inscription 'J Booth and Bros. Ltd Engineers Rodney nr Leeds'. Metal girder platforms around ground floor. Reported then as disused and in deteriorating condition, its condition has worsened since with more openings blocked.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a rare mostly complete surviving engine house on a large scale.

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