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St David's Roman Catholic Cathedral

A Grade II Listed Building in Castle (Castell), Cardiff

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4809 / 51°28'51"N

Longitude: -3.174 / 3°10'26"W

OS Eastings: 318569

OS Northings: 176430

OS Grid: ST185764

Mapcode National: GBR KKM.82

Mapcode Global: VH6FD.X1WJ

Entry Name: St David's Roman Catholic Cathedral

Listing Date: 19 May 1975

Last Amended: 30 April 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13671

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Opposite Ebeneser Chapel.

County: Cardiff

Community: Castle (Castell)

Community: Castle

Built-Up Area: Cardiff

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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History

1884-1887 by Pugin and Pugin, architects. Built as RC parish church and raised to cathedral status 1920; gutted after incendiary bomb attack, 1941. Restoration in 1950s by F R Bates, Son, and Price; reopened 1959.

Exterior

Gothic building of serious, severe Early English design. Normal alignment reversed, with entrance to E gable end. Coursed rock-faced Pennant stone with red sandstone ashlar dressings; slate roofs. 8-bay nave; windows of 2 lights with cinquefoils over. On ground floor, stepped buttresses break forward; doorway to L, then 3 confessionals, and then 3 gabled chapels; taller gable to R end bay. East front has low 2-centred doorway with flat head to doors and Gothic traceried tympanum; flanked by side-lights and then by tall buttresses; tall 5-light window with geometric tracery; statue in niche over. Four stage tower to L has low spire (originally belcote), angle buttresses, 2 louvred lancets to bell stage, canopied statue of saint in niche between 2 windows; polygonal stair turret to S. In R (north) angle between front and nave has polygonal bay enclosing stair; lancets, slate roof; 2-light window to nave, above. Sanctuary of 2 bays (tall windows with quatrefoil heads); west end (ritual E end) has round window with honeycomb tracery, and projecting stair bay below.

Interior

Spidery arch-braced and hammer-beam roof of timber and steel has tall wall posts on stone corbels. Front entrance to lobby with baptistery to S, stair to N; above lobby, stone gallery with 3 segmental arches to nave; arcaded parapet, organ chamber to S. In aisleless nave of 7 bays, square piers form superarches over clerestorey windows; side chapels and confessionals . Tall sanctuary arch, diapered reredos below round window with honeycomb tracery, marble floor to sanctuary. Late C19 stained glass in every other side window: W window has Visions of the Immaculate Conception witnessed by popes.

Reasons for Listing

Included despite consequences of war damage as rare example of large-scale Roman Catholic church by important C19 Catholic architect.

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