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Cascade

A Grade II* Listed Building in Ruabon, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.981 / 52°58'51"N

Longitude: -3.0386 / 3°2'18"W

OS Eastings: 330364

OS Northings: 343128

OS Grid: SJ303431

Mapcode National: GBR 74.J6D9

Mapcode Global: WH89B.9B9K

Entry Name: Cascade

Listing Date: 22 February 1995

Last Amended: 22 February 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 15749

Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

Location: Remotely sited within Wynnstay Park; in Bathground Wood 230m east of Wynnstay Column.

County: Wrexham

Community: Ruabon (Rhiwabon)

Community: Ruabon

Locality: Wynnstay

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Wynnstay

History

Part of the major programme of works undertaken by Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 4th bt., to the park and garden between 1768 and 1789. Designed by Lancelot `Capability' Brown as part of a scheme for a large artificial lake in landscaped setting. Brown designed a similar cascade at Bowood, Wilts. Following his death in 1782 the scheme was carried out by John Evans, possibly in an altered form. The lake, known as Belan Water, burst its dam c1900 and the area became completely overgrown. It is probable that orginally it was a double cascade with two separate waterfalls, however it seems likely that one was destroyed when the lake burst its banks.

Exterior

The cascade consists of a wall of massive sandstone blocks shaped into jagged rocks and positioned for picturesque effect. The height of the cascade is c8m and at the top it was chanelled and shaped to provide a course for water to be diverted from Belan Water.

Reasons for Listing

Graded II* as an important and ambitious design which was Capability Brown's last commission before his death.

Group value with the other garden structures relating to this important period of improvement to the park and garden at Wynnstay.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Sluice Outlet
    Remotely sited within Wynnstay Park; in Bathground Wood 50m to the west of the Cascade.
  • II Ice House
    Situated close to the edge of Bathground Wood 70m SW of Wynnstay Column.
  • II* Wynnstay Column
    Situated near the eastern edge of Bathground Wood, 500m NW of Wynnstay Hall.
  • II Plunge Pool
    Situated within Wynnstay Park, 450m S of Ruabon in Bathground Wood. Reached from a drive running S off the slip road to the A539 E bound off the A483 at Ruabon.
  • II* The Bath House Wynnstay
    Situated within Wynnstay Park, 450m S of Ruabon in Bathground Wood. Reached from a drive running S off the slip road to the A539 E bound off the A483 at Ruabon.
  • II Boat House
    Situated close to the head of the lake 500m NW of Wynnstay Hall, reached from a track running W from the private road to the Hall.
  • II Park Lodge (also known as the Gate Lodge)
    Situated at the east end of Park Street adjacent to the RuabonGates.
  • II Ruabon Gates (also known as Wynnstay Gates and Archway)
    Facing up Park street and closing the north drive to Wynnstay Hall.

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