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Latitude: 52.981 / 52°58'51"N
Longitude: -3.0386 / 3°2'18"W
OS Eastings: 330364
OS Northings: 343128
OS Grid: SJ303431
Mapcode National: GBR 74.J6D9
Mapcode Global: WH89B.9B9K
Entry Name: Cascade
Listing Date: 22 February 1995
Last Amended: 22 February 1995
Source ID: 15749
Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces
Location: Remotely sited within Wynnstay Park; in Bathground Wood 230m east of Wynnstay Column.
Community: Ruabon (Rhiwabon)
Traditional County: Denbighshire
Part of the major programme of works undertaken by Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 4th bt., to the park and garden between 1768 and 1789. Designed by Lancelot `Capability' Brown as part of a scheme for a large artificial lake in landscaped setting. Brown designed a similar cascade at Bowood, Wilts. Following his death in 1782 the scheme was carried out by John Evans, possibly in an altered form. The lake, known as Belan Water, burst its dam c1900 and the area became completely overgrown. It is probable that orginally it was a double cascade with two separate waterfalls, however it seems likely that one was destroyed when the lake burst its banks.
The cascade consists of a wall of massive sandstone blocks shaped into jagged rocks and positioned for picturesque effect. The height of the cascade is c8m and at the top it was chanelled and shaped to provide a course for water to be diverted from Belan Water.
Graded II* as an important and ambitious design which was Capability Brown's last commission before his death.
Group value with the other garden structures relating to this important period of improvement to the park and garden at Wynnstay.
Other nearby listed buildings