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Hydro-Electric Powerstation

A Grade II* Listed Building in Blaenau Ffestiniog, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0033 / 53°0'11"N

Longitude: -3.943 / 3°56'34"W

OS Eastings: 269714

OS Northings: 346878

OS Grid: SH697468

Mapcode National: GBR 5Y.GW2V

Mapcode Global: WH559.DRMY

Entry Name: Hydro-Electric Powerstation

Listing Date: 1 February 1996

Last Amended: 1 February 1996

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16884

Building Class: Industrial

Location: Located immediately to the W of the main road on an island between it and the main railway line, on the downhill approach to Blaenau Ffestiniog from the Crimea Pass.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Ffestiniog

Community: Ffestiniog

Locality: Llechwedd Slate Mine

Built-Up Area: Blaenau Ffestiniog

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Find accommodation in
Blaenau-Ffestiniog

History

The underground quarry at Llechwedd was opened in 1846 by J.W. Greaves and by the end of the century had become one of the largest and most successful in the area; in 1882 the quarry employed 553 men and had an output of 25,118 tonnes (24,723 tons), a record at the time. The quarry switched from steam to electric power c1906 and the power station was contructed at this time soley to serve Llechwood. The water is piped down from reservoirs on the Moel Bowydd; the station is still in use.

Exterior

Single-storey building of slate with slate roof; half-hipped gables and deep verges and eaves. 4 large small-paned wooden cross-windows on the long railway-facing side. Single-storey entrance porch with boarded door and half-hipped slated roof; weather-coursing at intersection with main block.

Interior

This remains almost entirely unaltered since its construction with the original twin system of turbines and generators still in use. Turbines by Gilbert Gilkes and Co of Kendal, operating 175kw DC Johnson and Philips generators at 385 RPM. General Electric switch gear with meters by Lionel Robinson and Co. of Thames Ditton. 8-bay roof with plain bolted king-post trusses; contemporary 5 ton gantry crane.

Reasons for Listing

Listed Grade II* as an exceptionally important, still operational example of an early hydro-electrical power station.

Group value with neighbouring listed items at Llecwedd.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Railway Bridge at Former Llechwedd Sidings
    Near the S entrance of Blaenau railway tunnel, immediately W of the road on the downhill approach to the town from the Crimea Pass.
  • II Weighbridge House
    By the side of the road on the former railway sidings, near the mouth of the Blaenau tunnel.
  • II Railway Bridge at Former Llechwedd Sidings
    Near the S entrance of Blaenau railway tunnel, immediately W of the road on the downhill approach to the town from the Crimea Pass.
  • II Crane at Former Llechwedd Sidings
    Located by the side of the road on the former railway sidings, near the mouth of the Blaenau tunnel.
  • II Railway Tunnel Portal
    At the S entrance of Blaenau railway tunnel, immediately W of the road on the downhill approach to the town from the Crimea Pass.
  • II Quarryman's Cottages
    Prominently located on the main Gloddfa Ganol level, backing onto a slate spoil hill and facing NE; set back slightly behind a slate-slab fence and with a slate-flagged forecourt..
  • II Quarryman's Cottages
    Prominently located on the main Gloddfa Ganol level, backing onto a slate spoil hill and facing NE; set back slightly behind a slate-slab fence and with a slate-flagged forecourt..
  • II Quarryman's Cottages
    Prominently located on the main Gloddfa Ganol level, backing onto a slate spoil hill and facing NE; set back slightly behind a slate-slab fence and with a slate-flagged forecourt..

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