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Latitude: 51.8831 / 51°52'59"N
Longitude: -3.0414 / 3°2'29"W
OS Eastings: 328415
OS Northings: 221018
OS Grid: SO284210
Mapcode National: GBR F4.RJ7G
Mapcode Global: VH78T.7XHS
Entry Name: Pontyspig Farmhouse
Listing Date: 29 January 1998
Last Amended: 29 January 1998
Source ID: 19254
Building Class: Domestic
Location: On the boundary between Monmouthshire and Powys about 300m from Forest Coal Pit.
Community: Crucorney (Crucornau Fawr)
Locality: Forest Coal Pit
Traditional County: Monmouthshire
This house has a complicated history. Although it has the appearance of a standard 3 room plan with cross passage, evidence sugggests that this is not its original form. The crack which separates the kitchen from the rest of the house on the front wall suggests that it started as a 2-room end entry house, possibly as an open hall, in the C16. This is suggested by the inserted stack and by the surviving, but clearly reused smoke blackened timbers in the roof, significantly in both halves of it. Whatever its original form it was heightened, indeed largely rebuilt in the mid to late C17, when the third room was added and the cross passage formed. The rear windows, the staircase, the main chimney and the roofs survive from this period. The house was then given an upgrading in 1830-40, and there are interior fittings from this period and the beams were plastered over. There have only been superficial changes since that date.
Built of rough grey pennant rubble with some dressed quoins and stone tile roofs, excepting the main entrance elevation roof which was changed to Welsh slate, presumably as a part of the upgrading of this front in the early/mid C19. The stonework has probably all been plastered and limewashed at some stage but only fragments of this remain. Two storeys and attics, three room plan with crosspassage entry, a type B house with the main stack backing onto the passage.
The entrance (south west) elevation has a Regency character having been rewindowed and roofed in 1830-40. Three windows, 8 over 8 sashes except for the casement on the ground floor left, the upper left and the middle and bottom right sashes have horns. Plank door with gabled slated porch on raking struts. Two dormers with zinc cheeks and sloping slated tops, the gable end and central stacks are all rebuilt in Victorian red brick. The left gable has a single storey lean-to, above is evidence of two blocked windows, and this is mirrored on the right gable. The rear elevation wholly retains its C17 character, except the bay to the right of the stair gable is masked by a lean-to dairy with a C20 window. Two windows on each floor to the left of the stair and one on each half landing on the stair. All these are 3-light oak mullioned windows as far as can be seen, two have one light blocked, one has two lights blocked, and two are wholly blocked, but the one on the stair can be seen to be complete inside; probably all are complete. They have ovolo moulded mullions and drips over.
Although the C17 planning survives, the character of the rooms is of the early/mid C19 upgrading. The hall/living room has a plain firesurround with an iron range. the beams are plastered over. The partition between this and the inner room is plastered and may retain the oak post and panel screen, but not the doorways, which are later. The kitchen is Victorian in character with a timber lintel to the fireplace and a brick bread oven to the left. The dairy behind has a rough lean-to roof. The cross passage was blocked by the construction of the stair tower. The entrance to the staircase is to the right of the fireplace and may replace a previous firestair. The staircase is built round a square central pier and goes in short flights, it is stone right to the attic. 3-light windows on the half landings have ovolo mullions with a broad fillet. The bedrooms have the beams plastered over and plain C19 fireplaces. The sash windows on the front elevation have shutters. The attic was never plastered out. It has principal rafter trusses with two tiers of staggered purlins over the kitchen and trenched purlins over the rest of the house. Ridge pieces. Both parts of the roof have some smoke blackening, but not all of the timbers in either part. None of the principal trusses are blackened, but some of both the purlins and the secondary rafters.
Included as a good example of a C17 farmhouse with some upgrading in the C19 but otherwise surviving unaltered.
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