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Tyddyn Engan

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanwnda, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0821 / 53°4'55"N

Longitude: -4.225 / 4°13'29"W

OS Eastings: 251066

OS Northings: 356190

OS Grid: SH510561

Mapcode National: GBR 5L.9S5L

Mapcode Global: WH54S.2SCK

Entry Name: Tyddyn Engan

Listing Date: 28 May 1999

Last Amended: 28 May 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21807

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated in edge-of-moorland location directly adjacent to track leading to Tan Foel Bach; small rubblestone-walled enclosure and slate path to front.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Caernarfon

Community: Llanwnda

Community: Llanwnda

Locality: Moel Tryfan

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Moel-tryfan

History

Shown on the 1839 Tithe Map, this substantial moorland-edge smallholding, perhaps also sustained by its occupants working in the nearby Moel Tryfan Quarry, operating by 1800, is likely to have been established in the early C19. The section of the cottage to the right of the left ridge stack (which may originally have been an end stack and defines the extent of the main cottage) may, along with the attached cowhouse, be an addition and formerly have served as a kitchen or possibly as a separate unit of accommodation. The whole is abandoned and in poor condition at time of Survey.

Exterior

Cottage and attached cowhouse. Main cottage of single-storey 2-room plan, aligned north-south, with small catslide outshut to rear on right; further room and attached cowhouse under same roof line as main cottage to right; ruins of former outbuildings attached to south gable end. Regularly coursed rubblestone, rendered with plaster quoins and window surrounds to front wall of main cottage; slate roof. Main cottage has C20 casements (almost certainly replacing C19 sashes) in eared plaster surrounds with shell decoration to the top to either side of offset boarded door; rendered integral end stack to left and similar stack to right at junction with third room, which has recessed doorway to left and window opening to right, the 2 separated by a later rubblestone wall built at right-angles to the front wall. Narrow rendered brick ridge stack to right at junction with cowhouse, which has doorway to right. Rear, otherwise unbroken, has low blocked doorway to left of outshut, which itself has a small window in the back wall.

Interior

Interior not accessible at time of Survey.

Reasons for Listing

Included, notwithstanding its condition, as a good example of a typical early C19 substantial smallholding, built in the local vernacular tradition and sustained by the dual economy of subsistence agriculture and work in the local slate quarries, which created the distinctive landscape of settlement/encroachment on Cilgwyn Common.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tyn Twll
    Situated within its own irregular rubble-walled enclosure on moorland off the track running south-eastwards from Rhosgadfan towards the former Moel Tryfan Quarry.
  • II Pen-y-braich
    Situated in an edge-of-moorland location within its own stone-walled small field system at the end of a track running south from Rhosgadfan.
  • II Tyddyn-Difyr and associated field walls
    Situated in isolated location above and to the north-east of Rhosgadfan on moorland edge within its own drystone-walled small field system, reached by a rough track from the road.
  • II Gorphwysfa
    Situated on the east side of the road between Rhosgadfan and Y Fron, the cottage is set in the rear right corner of a roughly rectangular enclosure with rubblestone walls, lower and topped with spear-
  • II Tegfan and adjoining cottage to right
    Situated on south-east side of road in Rhosgadfan; rubblestone wall in front to pavement, original stone-on-edge coping mostly replaced with concrete finials and horizontal steel railing; iron gate to
  • II Disused Cottage at Buarth Newydd
    Adjoins the main house at Buarth Newydd, which is situated at the end of a short track on the north side of the minor road running south-westwards from Bwlch-y-llyn towards the Carmel to Y Fron road.
  • II Cae'r Gors
    Located on the left side of the road from Rhostryfan to the crossroads in Rhosgadfan, the cottage has a low rubblestone wall to the front and a high rubblestone wall with iron gate to the road.
  • II Buarth Farm
    Situated at right-angles to track running off north side of minor road running south-westwards from Bwlch-y-llyn towards the Carmel to Y Fron road; low rubblestone wall in front of cottage and similar

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