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Pen-y-braich

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanwnda, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0854 / 53°5'7"N

Longitude: -4.2333 / 4°14'0"W

OS Eastings: 250518

OS Northings: 356575

OS Grid: SH505565

Mapcode National: GBR 5K.9Q3M

Mapcode Global: WH43M.YQ90

Entry Name: Pen-y-braich

Listing Date: 28 May 1999

Last Amended: 28 May 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21808

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated in an edge-of-moorland location within its own stone-walled small field system at the end of a track running south from Rhosgadfan.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Caernarfon

Community: Llanwnda

Community: Llanwnda

Locality: Moel Tryfan

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Moel-tryfan

History

Shown on the 1839 Tithe Map with its existing field system already in place, the smallholding is likely to have been established in the early C19, and although this is not clear from the Tithe Apportionment, its plan-form suggests that it may have been occupied by 2 family units, who probably supplemented their income by working in the nearby Moel Tryfan Quarry, operational by 1800. The cottage is now one unit of accommodation.

Exterior

Pair of single-storey cottages, aligned roughly north-east to south-west, the larger (to the right) of 2-room plan, the smaller a single room, both with small lean-tos to the rear. Painted rubblestone; slate roof. Right cottage has C20 four-paned top-hung windows (replicating C19 sashes) to either side of offset plank door. Rebuilt integral end stack to right and similar ridge stack to left at junction with left cottage, also with top-hung windows, one to centre, the other immediately to the left of the ridge stack in infill of former doorway; integral end stack to left. Probably truncated outbuilding slightly set down from gable end of right cottage has tin roof and boarded double doors to front. Rear lean-tos have top-hung windows to back walls with C20 boarded door between in main back wall.

Interior

Interior not accessible at time of Survey.

Reasons for Listing

Included, notwithstanding a degree of alteration, as a good example of a typical early C19 encroachment, surrounded by moorland, characteristic of the area; built in the local vernacular tradition and set within its own small field system, which may have supported 2 families, the cottage forms a highly distinctive and prominent component of the settlement/encroachment landscape associated with the early exploitation of slate quarries in this area.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tyn Twll
    Situated within its own irregular rubble-walled enclosure on moorland off the track running south-eastwards from Rhosgadfan towards the former Moel Tryfan Quarry.
  • II Gorphwysfa
    Situated on the east side of the road between Rhosgadfan and Y Fron, the cottage is set in the rear right corner of a roughly rectangular enclosure with rubblestone walls, lower and topped with spear-
  • II Tegfan and adjoining cottage to right
    Situated on south-east side of road in Rhosgadfan; rubblestone wall in front to pavement, original stone-on-edge coping mostly replaced with concrete finials and horizontal steel railing; iron gate to
  • II Tyddyn Engan
    Situated in edge-of-moorland location directly adjacent to track leading to Tan Foel Bach; small rubblestone-walled enclosure and slate path to front.
  • II Cae'r Gors
    Located on the left side of the road from Rhostryfan to the crossroads in Rhosgadfan, the cottage has a low rubblestone wall to the front and a high rubblestone wall with iron gate to the road.
  • II Rhosgadfan House
    Located at the end of a short driveway by sharp bend on the road between Rhosgadfan and Rhostryfan; the cottage has a low rubble wall (mainly drystone) to front.
  • II Tyddyn-Difyr and associated field walls
    Situated in isolated location above and to the north-east of Rhosgadfan on moorland edge within its own drystone-walled small field system, reached by a rough track from the road.
  • II Glan Gors
    Located approximately 0.5km north-east of Rhosgadfan close to and below the no-through road from Tyn Lwyn to Hafod Owen; rubblestone wall to road with slate path leading to cottage.

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