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Monument to Mary Jones, with vestiges of her early home, Ty'n-y-ddol

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanfihangel-y-Pennant, Gwynedd

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Latitude: 52.6672 / 52°40'2"N

Longitude: -3.9627 / 3°57'45"W

OS Eastings: 267369

OS Northings: 309532

OS Grid: SH673095

Mapcode National: GBR 8X.54YV

Mapcode Global: WH571.3782

Entry Name: Monument to Mary Jones, with vestiges of her early home, Ty'n-y-ddol

Listing Date: 10 April 2000

Last Amended: 10 April 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23166

Building Class: Commemorative

Location: The house and monument stand near the N end of Pont Ty'n-y-fach, N of the Church of St Michael.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llanfihangel-y-Pennant

Community: Llanfihangel-y-Pennant

Traditional County: Merionethshire

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Mary (Mari) Jones was born on the 16th December 1784 to a poor weaver and Calvinistic elder of Pen-y-bryniau mawr, who moved to Ty-n-y-ddol, Llanfihangel. As a child she became preoccupied with studying the bible of which the nearest copy in Welsh was at a distant farm. Thomas Charles, the eminent Methodist of Bala promised her a copy for herself, and at the age of 16, she walked barefoot to Bala in order to collect it. Her simple devotion became symbolic of the desire of ordinary folk for religious knowledge. She died in 1872, and was buried at Bethlan Chapel, Bryn Crug. Inspired by this example and the activities of Thomas Charles, the British and Foreign Bible Society was founded, proseletising and distributing bibles throughout the world. The monument was erected in 1921 in the ruins of her home, Ty'n-y-ddol.


The outer house walls are built of local stone, now reduced to c1.3m high, with a recessed inglenook at the NE end. At the centre of the former living room, a rubble pyramid capped by 2 stages of pink granite, the upper arrises chamfered, supporting a rectangular obelisk carved on the face with an open bible. An inscription on the base stages records the story of Mary Jones in English and Welsh. The enclosed area is paved with flagstones.

Reasons for Listing

Included as monument of particular interest to the history of the Church in Wales and of significance to the ecclesiological revival of the third quarter of the C19.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Pont Pennant, or Pont Ty'n-y-fach
    The bridge carries the road running N from Llanfihangel over the Afon Cadair to the upper stretch of the valley.
  • II Old Ty'n-y-fach
    The farmhouse lies c65m to the N of the church, in the hamlet of Llanfihangel-y-Pennant, facing NW over the Afon Cadair.
  • II Granary at Ty'n-y-fach
    Ty'n-y-fach farm lies c65m N of Llanfihangel church. The farmyard to the rear is defined by two parallel farmyard buildings set in line, and the granary at right angles on the SW side.
  • II SW Farm Building at Ty'n-y-fach
    Ty'n-y-fach farm stands some 60m NNE of the Church of St Michael. The SW farm building is the westerly of two farm buildings set in line and parallel to Old Ty'n-y-fach farmhouse.
  • II Gwastadfryn
    The farm is the last in the upper valley of the Afon Cadair, lying approximately 570m beyond Pont Ty'n-y-fach,
  • II Cottage E of the Church of St Michael
    The cottage stands beside the road, facing the E end of the chancel.
  • II Graveyard monument at the Church of St Michael
    The monument stands within the graveyard, at the SE corner of the chancel of the Church of St Michael.
  • II Lychgate to the Church of St Michael
    The parish church stands on the valley floor, within a sub-oval banked and walled churchyard. The lychgate is set in the wall on the E quadrant of the wall.

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