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Calvinistic Methodist Chapel

A Grade II Listed Building in Llandderfel, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9204 / 52°55'13"N

Longitude: -3.5156 / 3°30'56"W

OS Eastings: 298200

OS Northings: 336963

OS Grid: SH982369

Mapcode National: GBR 6H.N4HN

Mapcode Global: WH670.ZV3J

Entry Name: Calvinistic Methodist Chapel

Listing Date: 31 January 2001

Last Amended: 31 January 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 24613

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Set back from the street behind a short low-walled forecourt, the walls coped and railed, and with gate and end piers.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Bala

Community: Llandderfel

Community: Llandderfel

Traditional County: Merionethshire

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History

Late C19 Calvinistic Methodist chapel, built in 1885-6 together with the adjoining manse.

Exterior

Large village chapel in eclectic classical-Romanesque style. Of slatestone construction with yellow sandstone dressings and slate roof. Strongly-modelled, 3-bay symmetrical facade of coursed, dressed slatestone, with coped and kneelered gable parapet having a decorative iron finial to its apex. Shallow projecting entrance to centre with coped gable finialled as before; segmental arch with chevron moulding and engaged flanking columns having Early English capitals; 6-moulded panel doors. Above the entrance is a triple round-arched window group with stiff-leafed capitals and plate tracery within: shouldered-arched lights with oculi above. Above this is a rose window of 8 round-headed lights, with a moulded and stopped semi-circular label. Flanking the entrance in slightly recessed panels are tall round-arched windows with hollow-chamfered jambs and returned, moulded labels; foliated stops and rusticated keystones. Above the windows are flush, dentilated pediments. Fixed glazing with marginal and large geometric panels to these and the triple-arched group. Rusticated quoins in the form of pilasters frame the facade; these terminate towards the top and continue as ashlar. Two-storey plainer side elevations with flat-arched ground and round-arched first-floor windows; these have 12-pane sashes with marginal glazing, with chamfered jambs and projecting sills.

A contemporary vestry and school-room block adjoins to the rear, overlapping the R chapel side slightly. Entrance via a boarded door to the L, with 3-pane overlight; 8-pane narrow vertical sash to the R.

Interior

Plain entrance lobby with moulded plaster cornice. Stair access to gallery to R and L with arches over. Wide depressed arch opposite the entrance with frosted glass window having marginal glazing; entrances to main chapel (ground floor) to R and L. Raked pew seating down to Set Fawr; pitch pine joinery throughout. Horseshoe-shaped gallery with similar seating; the gallery is carried on 6 slender cast iron columns with acanthus capitals and scrolled iron brackets. Dentilated soffit and panelled front with long moulded rectangular panels divided by small square ones; painted marginal decoration. The ceiling consists of a main section with 4 boarded compartments around a central plasterwork acanthus rose, with a large outer circle having scrollwork relief decoration. Smaller decorative roses to each of the outer compartments. An iron scrollwork ventilation grille runs around the perimeter; plain compartmented borders.

The Deacons' enclosure is rectangular and has a panelled dado with open arcaded upper section; turned balusters with geometric finials to the ends. The Set Fawr has a central projecting pulpit with arcaded balustrade flanking to R and L. Flanking steps lead up with balustrade as before and geometric finials. The pulpit has a 2-panel sunk front with segmental arches supported on engaged columns with waterleaf capitals. Large arched niche behind Set Fawr, with decorative painting and painted Welsh inscription. Flanking pilasters with partly-gilded acanthus capitals; painted scrollwork in the spandrels. This is surmounted by a moulded cornice with very shallow pediment. Four-panel grained doors flank the Set Fawr and give access to the schoolroom and vestry beyond.

The rectangular schoolroom has canted ends to the ceiling and plain boarded dado; pine pews and stage platform.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an imposing late C19 village chapel retaining good original character as part of a chapel and manse group.

Group value with the adjoining manse and Chapel Row terrace.

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