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Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in Trellech United (Tryleg Unedig), Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7177 / 51°43'3"N

Longitude: -2.766 / 2°45'57"W

OS Eastings: 347177

OS Northings: 202383

OS Grid: SO471023

Mapcode National: GBR JH.2WG3

Mapcode Global: VH87D.03K1

Entry Name: Cottage

Listing Date: 28 February 2001

Last Amended: 28 February 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 24940

Building Class: Domestic

Location: At the south west corner of Trellech Community about 500m south west of the Church of St Dennis at Llanishen and approached down a lane off the Chepstow Road (B4293).

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Monmouth

Community: Trellech United (Tryleg Unedig)

Community: Trellech United

Locality: Llanishen

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Llanishen

History

An unimproved forest dweller's cottage of the most humble sort surviving almost unaltered since it was built in the mid C19. The basic cottage has a woodstore added to the west gable and a bakehouse to the east gable, but both of these must have been built soon after the cottage itself. Such a smallholding is probably the direct result of the enclosure of the common lands by the Beaufort Estate in 1810. Under the terms of the Enclosure Act the land was allotted freehold to anyone who could show that they had been using it without paying rent to the Duke of Beaufort for the previous twenty years, in fact since 1790. The rest of the land was then taken by the Duke.

Exterior

The cottage is built of rubble stone, rendered to back and front, with a Welsh slate roof and pantiled roofs to the woodstore and bakehouse. Two cell single depth central direct entry cottage which is lit only from the front elevation. A small gabled porch leads to a plank door. This porch is flanked on the left by a small 2 x 2 pane casement and on the right by a larger 2 x 3 one. Above are two 2 x 2 pane ones. Roof with brick end stacks. To the left gable is a lean-to woodstore and to the right a single storey bakehouse with a door and 2 x 2 window, brick gable stack. The rear elevation is blind. In front of the cottage is a small paved court and a paved path sloping up to the road with flanking stone walls.

Interior

The interior is unaltered apart from the introduction of basic electricity and water supply. There is direct entry to the main ground floor room which retains its small fireplace and boarded ceiling. Matchboard partition to the tiny kitchen with the steep ladder stair in the corner. This leads to two tiny bedrooms with boarded partition and ceiling. Basic A-frame roof boarded at collar level. The windows have cills just above floor level in a wall height of about 1m only. The bakehouse retains its oven with iron door.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a well-preserved mid C19 forest cottage of a type once common in the area but now very rare in its unimproved state.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Privy of Cottage
    Immediately to the west of the cottage.
  • II Church Farmhouse
    About 50m east of the Church of St Michael.
  • II* Church of St Michael
    Approached by a lane running south from the road between Raglan and Cobbler's Plain and about 300m from it.
  • II Ty Mawr, Llanvihangel Tor-y-Mynydd
    About 2 Km NW of Devauden; to the W and below the Devauden to Monmouth road, reached via minor road and track.
  • II Duffryn Farmhouse
    In the far north west of Devauden Community approached by a track off the north side of the Raglan Road about equidistant between Llanishen and the Church of St Michael, Llanvihangel-tor-y-mynydd.
  • II* Dovecote at Hygga House
    About 500m north east of the Church of St Dennis at Llanishen and approached down a lane on the east side of Chepstow Road (B4293).
  • II Revetment Walls and Paved Roadway at Hygga House
    About 500m north east of the Church of St Dennis at Llanishen and approached down a lane on the east side of Chepstow Road (B4293) and running from Hygga House towards Hygga Farm.
  • II Stable and Cowhouse at Hygga Farm
    About 500m north east of the Church of St. Dennis at Llanishen and approached down a lane on the east side of Chepstow Road (B4293).

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