History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Nos. 17 & 18 Y Groes

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhiwbina, Cardiff

We don't have any photos of this building yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5223 / 51°31'20"N

Longitude: -3.2134 / 3°12'48"W

OS Eastings: 315913

OS Northings: 181071

OS Grid: ST159810

Mapcode National: GBR K84.G8

Mapcode Global: VH6F0.8Z2X

Entry Name: Nos. 17 & 18 Y Groes

Listing Date: 30 November 2001

Last Amended: 30 November 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 25890

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Fronting the downhill (S) side of the Green.

County: Cardiff

Town: Cardiff

Community: Rhiwbina (Rhiwbeina)

Community: Rhiwbina

Locality: Rhiwbina Garden Village (centre)

Built-Up Area: Cardiff

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Llanishen

History

Garden City movement began at turn of C19/C20; Garden City Association was formed and a seminal conference held at Bourneville Birmingham in 1901. Pioneer developments were at Hampstead Garden Suburb and Letchworth. Aim was to provide workers with modest but good quality housing on the cottage principle in healthy green surroundings incorporating open spaces, adequate private gardens, with hedges and trees lining the roads. Garden Village houses were also amongst the first small houses to have inside lavatories, bathrooms, and to incorporate dpcs. In 1911 the Cardiff Workers' Cooperative Garden Village Society was formed which bought for development an area of Pentwyn Estate by Rhiwbina Halt. Raymond Unwin, a leading light in the movement, was invited to provide plans. Contemporary posters c 1913 issued by the Society and also the Garden Village Management Committee promoted it as 'Rhubina Fields', a suburb with convenient transport 'Rail from Rhymney Station, Motor Bus from North Road' and 'From Work to Home by Train or Bus. Gardening - Tennis - Country Walks.' Originally over 1000 houses were envisaged. First area to be developed in 1912-13 was the 'Village Green' Y Groes Nos. 1-22, together with Nos. 2-20 Lon Isa, an E/W road to the N, and Nos. 2-22 Lon-y-dail, a tree-lined N/S avenue to W; architect A H Mottram of Parker and Unwin and builder J O West. Next area to be developed in 1914 though only transferred to Garden Village in 1917 was Pen-y-dre, to S alongside a stream and incorporating footbridges; architect H Avray Tipping or assistant Eric Francis. T Alwyn Lloyd became architect in 1915 and continued the development to W, including a house for himself No. 11 Heol Wen which dominates Pen-y-dre. In 1920, 93 further houses were built and in 1922 another 26. School added in 1928. Garages began to be added 1930s, though by now plans were suffering a downturn. The Society employed its own staff of workmen to maintain the buildings. Houses were originally painted in cream with Buckingham Green windows. Rhiwbina Garden Village Ltd was wound up in 1981, a Conservation Area including almost all the development having been created in 1976.

Exterior

Pair of semi-detached houses. Roughcast rendered upper storey with ground floor of snecked rockfaced stone with ashlar quoins; part-hipped roof of small slates, slightly swept eaves with kneelers; end and centre ridge stacks. Plan of frontage with twin hipped gables and cross wing to rear. Windows are small-pane casements, 2- light to first floor, which has a 4-window range, and 3-light to ground floor. Narrow doorways at ends and main side doorways with hoods.

No. 17 has lean-to at side.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an integral part of the core of Rhiwbina Garden Village.

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.