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Cruck Barn at Ty-coch

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangynhafal, Denbighshire

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Latitude: 53.1642 / 53°9'51"N

Longitude: -3.3038 / 3°18'13"W

OS Eastings: 312933

OS Northings: 363801

OS Grid: SJ129638

Mapcode National: GBR 6S.4MZ3

Mapcode Global: WH773.7Q1M

Entry Name: Cruck Barn at Ty-coch

Listing Date: 30 July 2002

Last Amended: 29 January 2007

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 26794

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: In the farmyard of Ty-coch, at the east side of the minor road from Llangwyfan to Llangynhafal.

County: Denbighshire

Community: Llangynhafal

Community: Llangynhafal

Locality: Ty-coch

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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The two upper-end crucks have been dated by dendochronology to 1430.
Timbers at the upper end show signs of smoke blackening. Mortices survive for windbraces - two to each bay. The building was originally a house consisting of an inner room (one bay), a hall with passage (2 bays), and a cow house (2 bays).
Probably in the early C18, the building was converted to agricultural use; the roof pitch was altered, and higher (3-tier) timber-framed pegged to the crucks.
At this time the old tie-beams were replaced with new tie-beams at a the higher wall-plate level of the new framing.
Around 1850, as part of farmyard replanning, probably by the Plas Coch Estate, the timber-framed ends were replaced in stone, and the infill of the framing in brick.


A 5-bay cruck threshing barn with stone gable ends returning about 2m at the sides. The side walls are in timber framing 3 panels in height, in timber of light scantling, on a plinth of rubble stonework. On the north side the timber framing survives almost completely but at the south much of it has been replaced in brickwork. Great door survives at north (second bay from east) and evidence of similar at south.


Four cruck trusses survive. The upper cruck (truss 1) was replaced in stonework circa 1850. Truss 2 was the dais-end truss, and evidence for a door remains in the face of the R cruck blade. Truss 3 was the central hall truss with cranked notch-lapped lower collar. Truss 4 has a tall king-post supporting ridge; there are mortices for a loft doorway set under the collar; rebate for doorway on SE side. Truss 5 has later collar and king-post.
Truss 6 appears to partially survive in the stonework of the lower end gable.

Reasons for Listing

A fine cruck-built threshing barn with origins as an early C15 house.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Walled Garden at Old Rectory
    To the rear and sides, especially to the right, of the Old Rectory.
  • II Ffynnon Gynhafal
    To south side of Plas Dolben farmhouse, the water issuing at the corner of a field.
  • II Old Rectory
    About 200m west of the parish church, reached by a private drive from the crossroads below the church. Walled garden to rear, grounds at front.
  • I Church of St Cynhafal
    Reached by a minor road east of Llangynhafal. The churchyard is circular, considerably raised above road level on the west, and partly surrounded by a rubble stone wall. War memorial set in west wall
  • II Plas-yn-llan
    In Llangynhafal, overlooking and immediately east of the parish church.
  • II Privy at Gales-fawr
    To south-west of the domestic group at Gales-fawr, separated by a small yard.
  • II Gales-fawr Farmhouse and Attached Sheds
    Reached by a side lane to the south off the minor Groes-fawr to Glyn Arthur road, about 2 km east of Llandyrnog village. The farmstead is stretched out along the contour overlooking a valley to the so
  • II Farmyard Range at Gales-fawr
    Along the north side of the Gales-fawr farmyard. The farmstead is stretched out along the contour overlooking a valley to the south.

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