History in Structure

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Hen-efail

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangyniew, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.6938 / 52°41'37"N

Longitude: -3.3398 / 3°20'23"W

OS Eastings: 309545

OS Northings: 311517

OS Grid: SJ095115

Mapcode National: GBR 9R.38F1

Mapcode Global: WH79D.NKT7

Entry Name: Hen-efail

Listing Date: 19 September 2002

Last Amended: 19 September 2002

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 26963

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: Reached by a lane nearly opposite the farm of Groed-ddu, 2 km south-west of the village of Pontrobert.

County: Powys

Community: Llangyniew (Llangynyw)

Community: Llangyniew

Locality: Cynhinfa

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

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Pont-Robert

History

Probably C18. A nearby house, now named Weeg Smithy, is marked on the C19 County Series Ordnance Survey as Efail Newydd, and Hen-efail possibly obtained its name when superseded by this.

In 1849 this cottage (unnamed) was recorded as that of a smallholding of 5 acres held under the Rev. John Williams.

Exterior

Hen-efail is a two-unit cottage of 1½ storeys ranging south-west/north-east, with its chimney at the south-west gable end. Uncoursed quasi-rubble stone, slate roof. A third unit to the north-east has a slightly lower roof, the latter now covered in corrugated steel sheeting (a few slates surviving). Lean-to calf-house at right (north-east) with corrugated roof; small stone-walled enclosure at its front lacking gate.

At front (south-east elevation) there is a baffle-entry doorway at the left, and two windows with timber lintels. Two dormer windows (with slate lean-to roofs and cheeks) aligned with the windows below . In the additional bay to the right is a small casement window and a door, both with timber lintels.

At rear there is a slight projection of the bread oven at the side of the main chimney. One window at rear, also one in apex of north-east gable.

Interior

Large hearth at south-west end with baffle-entry to its left and a large bread oven built into the right side. Timber-framed partition between units and also between the house and the outer unit which may have been the smithy.

The outer unit (to north-east) until recently lacked an upper floor, but is likely to have had one originally as there is a loft window.

Reasons for Listing

A late vernacular stone walled cottage with workshop (taken to be a smithy) and accommodation for animals, which has retained much of its character.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Cynhinfa
    About 1.5 km south-west of Pontrobert, to east of a minor road. The site is now Parc Cynhinfa Caravan Park.
  • II* Neuadd Cynhinfa
    Situated on a broad upland site approximately 3km SE of Dolanog; reached from a lane NE off the B4382. Farmyard ranges to E; cobbled forecourt with well.
  • II Old Rectory
    To the south-east of the village of Pontrobert, on the north side of the road to Dolobran; the house set back from the road with garden to front, yard to rear.
  • II* John Hughes Memorial Chapel (Pontrobert Chapel)
    In a cul-de-sac lane to the north of Pontrobert Village (leading to Pentre-uchaf), on west side of lane; the chapel cemetery in on the opposite side (in different ownership).

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