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Crafnant

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanbedr, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8427 / 52°50'33"N

Longitude: -4.0541 / 4°3'14"W

OS Eastings: 261747

OS Northings: 329223

OS Grid: SH617292

Mapcode National: GBR 5S.SZM4

Mapcode Global: WH560.PTN2

Entry Name: Crafnant

Listing Date: 29 October 2003

Last Amended: 29 October 2003

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 81997

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llanbedr

Community: Llanbedr

Locality: Afon Artro Valley

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Find accommodation in
Harlech

History

A late C16 or early C17 farmhouse of locally characteristic storeyed end-chimney cross-passage type. Although exterior detail has been altered, the house retains much of its original layout. To the NE of the main range, a second domestic range is probably a 'tyddyn traean' or widow's house, and may be the 'Ty newydd Crafnant' referred to in a marriage settlement of 1787. This second range is now linked to the main farmhouse by a later (perhaps C19?) block, once housing dairy with granary over.

Recorded in the tithe apportionment of the parish, 1941, as being an extensive farmstead of over 500 acres (202.5 hectares), owned and occupied by John ap Rhydderch Owen, esq.

Exterior

The main range is down-hill sited and aligned roughly NW-SE. Rendered over stone, with slate roof, retaining destinctively tall rubble stone stacks with dripstones and capping delineating the extent of the original house. Two storeyed, 2-unit plan with doorway offset to R of centre, in gabled porch (a pointed doorhead was noted by RCAHMW in 1986). Windows all modern, those to first floor beneath dormer gables. To the rear there is a later single bay extension, roofed by a continuation of the main slope. An additional bay attached to the upper gable end of the house originally housed dairy and granary: it has loft entry to first floor, and small windows which are not aligned. It extends as a wing at the rear of the house to link it with the 'tyddyn traean'. This wing is of exposed rubble stone with slate roof. Doorway with single window over, beneath the eaves.

Interior

Not inspected on resurvey, but has previously been recorded by RCAHMW, most recently in 1986. The main house then retained its cross passage plan (though with staircase inserted towards rear of passage blocking rear door), with hall at upper end and a probably heated parlour at the lower end, converted from two small service rooms. The surviving hall partition was of C18 raised fielded panelling, though a section of original post and panel partition survived beneath the stairs. The original stone stairs had been along side the hall fireplace, but these had been removed, perhaps to provide direct access to the dairy and granary.

Reasons for Listing

Listed notwithstanding alteration to detail as a fine example of a C17 regional house, with slightly later 'tyddyn traean'. The house forms an exceptionally good group with its associated agricultural buildings, an unusually complete example of a farmstead group.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Outbuilding at Crafnant
    Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley. The outbuilding is adjacent to the cowhouse directly to SW of the house at Crafnant.
  • II Cowhouse at Crafnant
    Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley. The cowhouse lies directly SW of the house at Crafnant.
  • II Lofted stable and haybarn
    Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley. The range lies to WSW of the house at Crafnant.
  • II Lofted bakehouse at Crafnant
    Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley. The stables lie directly S of the house at Crafnant.
  • II Cowbarn at Crafnant
    Slightly set back from the W side of the country road which leads up the Afon Artro Valley. The barn lies to SW of the house at Crafnant.
  • II Pont Crafnant
    Spanning the Afon Artro to the S of Crafnant Farm.
  • II Pont Cwm-yr-afon
    Leading E off the country road which runs along the W side of the Afon Artro Valley, spanning the Afon Artro and carrying the farmtrack to Cwm-yr-afon farm.
  • II Cwm-yr-afon Farmhouse with attached farm-ranges to rear
    In an elevated position, in the Artro valley, SE of the road to Cwm Bychan, and approached via a track which crosses the river at Pont Cwm yr Afon, some 3 mils from Llanbedr.

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