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Waterloo Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in Abersychan, Torfaen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7268 / 51°43'36"N

Longitude: -3.066 / 3°3'57"W

OS Eastings: 326470

OS Northings: 203653

OS Grid: SO264036

Mapcode National: GBR J2.2KHH

Mapcode Global: VH79K.TV0N

Entry Name: Waterloo Cottage

Listing Date: 4 November 2004

Last Amended: 4 November 2004

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 83195

Building Class: Domestic

Location: In the Talywain area of Abersychan, Waterloo Cottage is at the southern end of Fairfield (off Waterloo Road), where the road becomes a footpath.

County: Torfaen

Town: Pontypool

Community: Abersychan

Community: Abersychan

Locality: Fairfield

Built-Up Area: Abersychan

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Pontypool

History

Waterloo Cottage may have originated as a farm, and the early part of the house represents the virtually intact survival of a small late C16 house. To this was added a second house, probably in the late C19 (though perhaps replacing an earlier structure on the site). At some time, the original dwelling fell out of domestic use (it was reputedly recorded as a powder house on a map of 1806). The two buildings were amalgamated as a single dwelling in the late C20.

Exterior

The early part of the house is to the right; probably built into the slope, but now with an excavated yard at its right-hand end: rough limestone rubble (with unsympathetic cement ribbon pointing) on a boulder plinth; very steeply pitched roof with artificial slate replacing the earlier stone flags (some of which have been re-used on the roof of the porch on the later addition). Single storied with attic, 2-unit plan. Ground floor has wide central window in former doorway, flanked by smaller and probably original windows. Rear elevation had formerly been altered with the insertion of garage doors: these have now been in-filled, with a smaller French doorway. Early window to right. All window detail is modern UPVC. Gable end has substantial remnants of an original window: most of a pegged oak frame with the diamond slots for 5 mullions.

Later house is also stone and artificial slate with UPVC windows. 2 storeys, with higher roofline than the original house. 2-unit plan, with entrance to left in gabled porch to right uses stone flags from earlier roof of original building. Rear wing and flat-roofed extensions.

Interior

The original house is now entered from the entrance hall in the later house, via a doorway inserted in the original gable end alongside the stack. The original doorway position is not known, though may have been in the centre of the long wall. It now comprises a single room, but slots in one of the cross-beams indicate the former position of a partition, which would have divided the space into a principal living room or hall, and a smaller unheated secondary room of parlour. There are 4 substantial cross-beams, with a further 2 against the gable end and chimney breast, all with stopped chamfers. Massive fireplace with stone jambs and heavy chamfered timber lintel. Pegged 4-centered arched doorway to curving chimney stair with stone and timber steps.

Undivided first floor room is open to roof with 2 substantial trusses: these are curved principals or upper crucks, each with collars, and saddle at apex carrying a short king post supporting the ridge piece.

Reasons for Listing

Listed notwithstanding external alteration as the remarkable survival of a virtually intact small late C16 house, retaining almost all the elements of its original plan and construction including particularly fine roof trusses of an unusual form.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II High Street Baptist Church
    Built backing into the hillside on a high platform with stone retaining wall and iron railings on a site overlooking Cwmsychan.
  • II Former Goods Shed of Abersychan and Talywain Station
    To the west of Talywain village, high on the embankment above The British and about 300m north of the Big Arch.
  • II Church of St Thomas
    In the centre of Talywain standing in an extensive rectangular rubble walled churchyard.
  • II The Big Arch
    Located next to the B4246 and carries a disused railway embankment across a disused railway line now a track. The arch forms the visual and actual gateway to the former British Ironworks area.
  • II British Colliery Pumping Engine House
    On the site of the British Ironworks about 100m north east of the former British Ironworks office and foundry quadrangle.
  • II Garndiffaith Railway Viaduct
    Approximately 250m east of the B4246. Spanning the steep sided valley of the river Ffrwd between the northern part of Talywain and the southern part of Garndiffaith.
  • II* Former British Ironworks office and foundry quadrangle
    The most prominent building in the area of the former British Ironworks, about 1000m south west of St Thomas's Church, Talywain.
  • II Rising Sun Bridge
    To the north east of Victoria Village and about 100m east of the junction with Cwmavon Road.

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