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Bruern Abbey

A Grade II* Listed Building in Bruern, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8812 / 51°52'52"N

Longitude: -1.616 / 1°36'57"W

OS Eastings: 426527

OS Northings: 220358

OS Grid: SP265203

Mapcode National: GBR 5S4.07S

Mapcode Global: VHBZD.YZ18

Entry Name: Bruern Abbey

Listing Date: 27 August 1957

Last Amended: 15 May 1989

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1053360

English Heritage Legacy ID: 253894

Location: Bruern, West Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire, OX7

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Bruern

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Milton-under-Wychwood

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

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Listing Text

7/5 Bruern Abbey
(Formerly listed as Bruern
27.8.57 Abbey and Terrace in front)


Country house. Circa 1720, possibly by William Townesend for John Cope on the
site of a Cistercian abbey. Rear of house and much of interior destroyed by fire
in 1780, after which two 3-storey wings running back from the main block and
linking with service ranges around a courtyard were added. This courtyard was
partly infilled in C19 when a staircase hall was built. In 1972-3 the C19
additions were removed and the north front of the main block rebuilt in a style
imitative of the original early C18 south front. Limestone ashlar to early C18
work, regularly coursed limestone rubble to service ranges and C20 rebuilding;
main block has low-pitched hipped slate roof with 2 ridge stacks and integral
end stacks, partly concealed by balustraded parapet with ball finials to
corners. 2 storeys over cellars. 2:3:2 bays, centre section forming pedimented
break with banded pilaster strips and oculus to pediment. 15-paned glazing bar
Sashes in moulded surrounds with keystones and aprons, 2 outer first-floor
windows on either side with aprons above as well as below. Central entrance;
late C18 doorcase with fluted pilasters, triglyph frieze to moulded entablature
and C19 half-glazed double doors with semi-circular fanlight. Cellar windows
have segmental-headed surrounds with projecting keystones. 3-bay returns in
similar style, north bay dating to 1972-3 rebuilding. Rear in 5 bays, centre 3
bays forming pedimented break mirroring that on south. Late C18 or early C19
service ranges around 3 sides of courtyard to rear are linked to main block by
late C20 ranges (built on site of late C18 linking ranges) in similar style to
the service ranges themselves. These are of one storey and attic lit by gabled
eaves dormers; hipped stone slate roof with ashlar ridge stacks. C19
segmental-headed wooden cross casements and boarded doors. North range has
4-centred vehicle entrance arch to centre. Interior. Much altered C19 and 1972-3
but retains some plaster cornices and beams to principal rooms. Reused medieval
stone corbel in cellar. The attribution to Townesend is on stylistic grounds. A
Cistercian monastery was founded at Bruern in 1147 and dissolved in 1536 but has
left no traces above ground (but q.v. under Red Brick Cottage). The house was
the home of Sir John Cope, defeated by the Scottish at the Battle of Prestonpans
in 1745. The terrace and steps to front of the house are C20 and are not
included in this list.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: pp499-500; James Lees-Milne: English Country
Houses, Baroque 1685-1715/1970), p264; VCH: II (1907), pp79-81; David Knowles
and R. Neville Hadcock: Medieval Religious Houses (1971), ppl12-l16)

Listing NGR: SP2652720358

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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